Memorials of the Faithful
Sulaymán Khán was the
emigrant and settler who
was given the title of Jamálí'd-Dín. He was born in Tunukábán,
into an old family of that region. He was cradled
in wealth, bred to ease, reared in the comfortable ways of
luxury. From his early childhood he had high ambitions
and noble aims, and he was honor and aspiration personified.
At first he planned to outdistance all his fellows and
achieve some lofty rank. For this reason he left his birthplace
and went to the capital, Tihrán, where he hoped to
become a leader, surpassing the rest of his generation.
In Tihrán, however, the fragrance of God was borne
his way, and he listened to the summons of the Well-Beloved.
He was saved from the perturbations of high
rank; from all the din and clatter, the glory, the pomps
and palaces, of this heap of dust, the world. He threw off
his chains, and by God's grace, discovered peace. To him,
the seat of honor was now no different from the place
where people removed their slippers at the door, and high
office was a thing soon gone and forgotten. He was
cleansed from the stain of living, his heart was eased, for
he had burst the shackles that held him to this present
Putting on the garments of a pilgrim, he set out to find
his loving Friend, and came to the Most Great Prison.
Here for a time he rested, under the protection of the
Ancient Beauty; here he gained the honor of entering the
presence of Bahá'u'lláh, and listened to momentous teachings
from His holy lips. When he had breathed the
scented air, when his eyes were illumined and his ears attuned
to the words of the Lord, he was permitted to make
a journey to India, and bidden to teach the true seekers
Resting his heart on God, in love with the sweet savors
of God, on fire with the love of God, he left for India.
There he wandered, and whenever he came to a city he
raised the call of the Great Kingdom and delivered the
good news that the Speaker of the Mount had come. He
became one of God's farmers, scattering the holy seed of
the Teachings. This sowing was fruitful. Through him a
considerable number found their way into the Ark of Salvation.
The light of Divine guidance was shed upon those
souls, and their eyes were brightened with beholding the
mighty signs of God. He became the focal point of every
gathering, the honored guest. To this day, in India, the
results of his auspicious presence are clear to see, and
those whom he taught are now, in their turn, guiding others
to the Faith.
Following his Indian journey, Sulaymán Khán came
back to Bahá'u'lláh, but when he arrived, the ascension
had taken place. Continuously, he shed his tears, and his
heart was a thurible for sorrow. But he remained loyal to
the Covenant, well rooted in Heaven.
Not long before His passing, Bahá'u'lláh had said:
"Should someone go to Persia, and manage to convey it,
this message must be delivered to Aminu's-Sultan:
took steps to help the prisoners; you freely rendered them
a befitting service; this service will not be forgotten. Rest
assured that it will bring you honor and call down a blessing
upon all your affairs. O Aminu's-Sultan! Every house
that is raised up will one day fall to ruin, except the house
of God; that will grow more massive and be better guarded
day by day. Then serve the Court of God with all your
might, that you may discover the way to a home in
Heaven, and found an edifice that will endure forever.'"
After the departure of Bahá'u'lláh, this message was conveyed
In Ádhirbayján the Turkish clerics had brought down
Áqá Siyyid Asadu'lláh, hunted him down in Ardabíl and
plotted to shed his blood; but the Governor, by a ruse,
managed to save him from being physically beaten and
then murdered: he sent the victim to Tabríz in chains,
and from there had him conducted to Tihrán. Aminu's-Sultan
came to the prisoner's assistance and, in his own
office, provided Asadu'lláh with a sanctuary. One day
when the Prime Minister was ill, Násiri'd-Dín Sháh arrived
to visit him. The Minister then explained the situation,
and lavished praise upon his captive; so much so that
the Sháh, as he left, showed great kindness to Asadu'lláh,
and spoke words of consolation. This, when at an earlier
time, the captive would have been strung up at once to
adorn some gallows-tree, and shot down with a gun.
After a time Aminu's-Sultan lost the Sovereign's favor.
Hated, in disgrace, he was banished to the city of Qum.
Thereupon this servant dispatched Sulaymán Khán to
Persia, carrying a prayer and a missive written by me. The
prayer besought God's aid and bounty and succor for the
fallen Minister, so that he might, from that corner of oblivion,
be recalled to favor. In the letter we clearly stated:
"Prepare to return to Tihrán. Soon will God's help arrive;
the light of grace will shine on you again; with full authority
again, you will find yourself free, and Prime Minister.
This is your reward for the efforts you exerted on behalf
of a man who was oppressed." That letter and that
prayer are today in the possession of the family of Aminu's-Sultan.
From Tihrán, Sulaymán Khán journeyed to Qum, and
according to his instructions went to live in a cell in the
shrine of the Immaculate.
The relatives of Aminu's-Sultan
came to visit there; Sulaymán Khán inquired after the
fallen Minister and expressed the wish to meet him. When
the Minister learned of this, he sent for Sulaymán Khán.
Placing all his trust in God, Sulaymán Khán hastened to
the Minister's house and, meeting him in private, presented
the letter from `Abdu'l-Bahá. The Minister rose,
and received the letter with extreme respect. Then addressing
the Khán he said: "I had given up hope. If this
longing is fulfilled, I will arise to serve; I will preserve and
uphold the friends of God." Then he expressed his gratitude,
indebtedness and joy, and added, "Praise be to God,
I hope again; I feel that by His aid, my dream will come
In brief, the Minister pledged himself to serve the
friends, and Sulaymán Khán took his leave. The Minister
then desired to give him a sum of money to defray the expenses
of his journey, but Sulaymán Khán refused, and
despite the Minister's insistence, would accept nothing.
The Khán had not yet reached the Holy Land on his return
journey when Aminu's-Sultan was recalled from exile
and immediately summoned to the Premiership again.
He assumed the position and functioned with full authority;
and at first he did indeed support the believers, but
toward the end, in the case of the Yazd martyrdoms, he
was neglectful. He neither helped nor protected the sufferers
in any way, nor would he listen to their repeated
pleas, until all of them were put to death. Accordingly he
too was dismissed, a ruined man; that flag which had
flown so proudly was reversed, and that hoping heart despaired.
Sulaymán Khán lived on in the Holy Land, near the
Shrine which the Exalted Assembly circle about. He kept
company with the believers until the day of inescapable
death, when he set out for the mansions of Him Who
liveth, and dieth not. He turned his back on this heap of
dust, the world, and hurried away to the country of light.
He broke out of this cage of contingent being and soared
into the endless, placeless Realm. May God enfold him in
the waters of His mercy, cause His forgiveness to rain
down upon him, and bestow on him the wonders of
abounding grace. Salutations be unto him, and praise.
1. [The Prime Minister.]
2. [Qum is the shrine city of Fátimih, "the Immaculate." Sister of the eighth Imám, Imám Ridá, she was buried here in 816 A.D.]