< Author | Library >
<< Previous | Contents | Next >>

CHAPTER III

SCIENCE

INTRODUCTION: The scientific outlook—Progress of the sciences—The positivist spirit, its action on science, philosophy and literature—The problem as presented to philosophy.

  1. Comte's positivism—Work of prominent scientists—Position maintained by Berthelot and Bernard—Renan's confidence— Vacherot and Taine—Insufficiency of sciences alone.
  2. Cournot and Renouvier attack the dogmatism of science.
  3. The neo-spiritualist group continue and develop this attack, which becomes a marked feature in Lachelier, Boutroux, and Bergson.

Entire change of attitude in the development of the period.

The problem of freedom opened up in the process.

<< Previous | Contents | Next >>
< Author | Library >