It relies on three key assumptions: (1) Q exists, (2) Q's order is
preserved in Luke, (3) Q's extent is limited to what is found in
Matthew or Luke. Some of these assumptions are more reasonable
>2) Layers of Q may be discerned through careful comparative work.
This is the strongest part of Kloppenborg's work and carefully argued,
but it relies on those three key assumptions, so its results are
necessaily more tentative than the existence of Q itself.
>3) Each reconstructed layer accurately reflects the defining
>characteristics (beliefs, behaviors, etc.) of particular communities.
>Does ANY document do that?
>4) We can trace the histories of these layers over time and place.
>Well, we can apply known analogies, but that's about all we can do.
This is where Kloppenborg and Mack part company. Kloppenborg explicitly
To say that the wisdom components were formative for Q and that
the prophetic judgment oracles and apophthegms describing Jesus'
conflict with "this generation" are secondary is *not* to imply
anything about the ultimate tradition-historical provenance of
any of the sayings. It is indeed possible, indeed probable, that
some of the materials from the secondary compositional phase are
domenical or at least very old, and that some of the formative
elements are, from the standpoint of authenticity or tradition-
history, relatively young. Tradition-history is not convertible
with *literary history*, and it is the latter we are treating
(FORMATION 244-45, emphases in original)
Mack seems to have ignored Kloppenborg's careful caveats and assumed
that what was secondary in the composition of Q was also secondary
>Let's face it. This is poor historiography. If an American historian
>were to work on a Supreme Court case with this sort of method and
>comparable external data, the results would stun us.
I've read quite a few Supreme Court cases and I'm willing to bet that
many of the opinions have a complex literary history, starting with
the winning laywer's brief that is converted into the law clerk's
first draft which was edited and reworked by the justice and modified
-- Stephen C. Carlson : Poetry speaks of aspirations, firstname.lastname@example.org : and songs chant the words. http://www.mindspring.com/~scarlson/ : -- Shujing 2.35