Re: Syntactic Latinisms in Greek?
Carl W. Conrad (email@example.com)
Tue, 10 Sep 1996 14:47:00 -0500
At 1:57 PM -0500 9/10/96, Domenico LEMBO wrote:
>Recently C. Conrad asked about a possible influence of Latin Grammar on
>(hellenistic) Greek. Well, the current view is that nothing such exists
>except sometimes in official (administrative) documents, translated from
>Latin into Greek or badly written in Greek. And, generally speaking, this
>is quite right.
>One could, however, rephrase it better. Maybe nothing such exists as
>established, codified, embedded anew in Greek grammar. But there are at
>least occasional traces of this phenomenon: traces one can discover in
>single texts or in single authors, wherever bilingualism is given, both as
>individual competence and as pressure exerted by a foreign language. And
>now and then there *is*, I suspect, grammaticalisation in Greek of some
>Greek Latin pattern.
>Let's take two examples from NT. In Lc 7.4 we read: AXIOS ESTI O(I)
>PAREXE(I) TOUTO (= lat. dignus est cui hoc praebeas). This is a clear
>Latinism, but an occasional one. Elsewhere (e.g. Io 1.27) we find AXIOS +
>HINA, but this is surely an established pattern. And, if it derives from
>Latin *dignus ut*, then one could rethink the whole matter...
>The ground is not yet explored enough. A case study is: M. Dubuisson, Le
>Latin de Polybe. Les implications historiques d'un cas de bilinguisme,
>Paris 1985. Useful hints are also in: Zum Umgang mit fremden Sprachen in
>der griechisch-roemischen Antike: Kolloquium der Fachrichtungen Klassische
>Philologie der Universitaeten Leipzig und Saarbruecken am 21. und 22.
>November 1989 in Saarbruecken, hrsg. von Carl Werner Mueller, Kurt Sier und
>Juergen Werner. Stuttgart: Steiner, 1992.
Mille grazie a Signore Lembo. We haven't heard from you for a long time;
your information is helpful and appreciated, and I'm glad you're still
lurking out there.
Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University
One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO, USA 63130
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