And again from Andrew:
> *all* of them have a ritual sense ?
> *no* real counter examples ?
> I think you should take a closer look at some of the occurences. The
> following instances don't have any ritualistic sense (Jewish or
> Rom. 6:3
> 1 Cor 10:2
> 1 Cor 12:13
> Gal 3:27
Yet it seems to me, as a casual reader, that these _are_ referencing
the ritual act in a metaphorical sense.
And also from Andrew:
> Yes really. The poured water in verse 3 is an example of how to
> full the hOUTW BAPTISATE "Baptize thus" command in verse 1,
> IF THOU HAST NEITHER. The first two options should be
> preferred. The 3rd is a last resort. (Also remember that the
> Didache is only an interpretation and doesn't claim divine
However, the Didache is useful (divine inspiration or not) for
determining how people of nearly the same period interpreted
the words it uses.
For my personal use, I do translate BAPTIZW as "immerse" -- but
think of it as a ritual act.
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