Syntax of Eph. 4:11

Rod Decker (
Tue, 12 Nov 1996 13:49:26 -0500

I'm interested in the syntactical series of Eph. 4:11 (MEN... DE... DE...
DE... KAI). I don't find this pattern elsewhere in the NT (even with fewer
KAIs). Is anyone aware of it outside the NT?

The significance lies, of course, in whether the last two elements are
equal, parallel members with the first three, or if they are to be treated
as a joint (hyphenated?) member. (Granville Sharp rule does NOT apply here,
BTW, since the nouns are plural).

apostles or apostles
prophets prophets
evangelists evangelists
pastors pastors-teachers [or: pastors, even teachers]


Rodney J. Decker, Asst. Prof./NT Baptist Bible Seminary Clarks Summit, PA