Re: Definite article question
Carl W. Conrad (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Wed, 8 Jan 1997 13:58:58 -0600
At 1:55 PM -0600 1/8/97, Eric Weiss wrote:
>I Corinthians 1:18 - hO LOGOS GAR hO TOU STAUROU
>Galatians 2:20 - ...EN PISTEI ZW THi TOU hUIOU TOU QEOU
>Romans 5:15 - ...KAI hH DWREA EN CHARITI THi TOU hENOS ANQRWPOU
>What is the function of the definite article in these phrases?
>In I Corinthians 1:18 is it to qualify which LOGOS he means,
>i.e., "for the message - i.e., the [message] of the cross"
>(possibly in contrast to what he had said about LOGOS in 1:17
>"for Christ did not send me to baptize but to preach the gospel,
>not with/by wisdom of a LOGOS..."? That's how I have interpreted
>it, seeing it as a little different than the simple translation
>that omits the hO - "For the message of the cross...."
>That's how I also interpreted Galatians 2:20 - "by faith I live -
>(that is) [the] faith in the son of God" - a more sharply defined
>statement than "by faith in the son of God," omitting the
>definite article. The emphasis thus appears to be that he now
>lives by faith (as opposed to law) - and then he explains the
>object (or source) of his faith. Omitting the definite article
>would seem to mean he lives "by faith in the son of God" as a
>Romans 5:15, like the Galatians passage with an EN prepositional
>phrase followed by a dative definite article, seems the same:
>"much more the grace of God and the gift by grace - that is, by
>[the grace] of the one man Jesus Christ - abounded to the many."
>This, in preference to "and the gift by the grace of the one man
>Jesus Christ" (NASB) - same meaning, just not as pointed in my
>Are my thoughts valid? IS THIS THE "DEICTIC" USE OF THE DEFINITE
I think your understanding of these is right, but the explanation is even
simpler: this is the standard ATTRIBUTIVE use of the article with any
modifier of a noun: hO AGAQOS ANHR =3D hO ANHR hO AGAQOS; hOI ANQRWPOI hOI
EKEINHS THS POLEWS =3D hOI EKEINHS THS POLEWS ANQRWPOI. And the sequence can
readily be interrupted by a particle or a prepositional phrase or even
something longer, e.g.: EKEINOI hOI PONHROI, hUMEIS GAR EU OIDATE TINAS
LEGW, hOI hHMAS KATABALONTES ...
Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University
One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO, USA 63130
email@example.com OR firstname.lastname@example.org