Re: Two accents in one word??

Carlton Winbery (
Wed, 8 Jan 1997 17:52:08 +0400

>At 4:34 PM -0600 1/8/97, Jim Beale wrote:
>>On Jan 6, 7:29pm, Carl W. Conrad wrote:
>>> >Jim, the rule of accent is that if a word with an acute on the antepenult
>>> >(third from last syllable) or a circumflex on the penult (second from
>>> >last), it receives a second accent (acute) on the ultima (last syllable).
>>> This is true IF, AND ONLY IF, the word in question is followed by an
>>> enclitic (an accentless word that is deemed, for purposes of pronunciation
>>> and accentuation, an addendum to the preceding word). In Romans 1:9 the
>>> enclitic that follows is MOU. The reason for this is the instinctive horror
>>> felt by a Greek speaker for an accent (pitch-mark in reality) more than
>>> three syllables from the end of a word.
>>1. Well, this has been an enlightening experience. None of my grammars have
>>any information on this. Accenting is given short shrift in most of the
>>ones I've seen - although Dana and Mantey say that in order to be considered
>>to have a polished knowledge of Greek, one must pay close attention to the
>>accents. There's little fear that I am at the polishing level - I'm still
>>rough hewing! Not even BDF has anything to say on this. Where does one
>>find the little gems that Carl and Carlton tossed out so non-chalantly?
>>You guys blow me away! :-)
>Any decent grammar of classical Attic will discuss this. NT textbooks seem
>disposed to let students wrestly with everything else. It's not really the
>most important thing to learn about in ancient Greek.
>>2. Ack. I just did some research and found roughly 736 instances of
>>double acute. My agony is now doubly acute, since this is the first
>>time I've noticed it. :-(
>>3. What about these cases:
>> Matthew 3:11 I)SXURO/TERO/S MOU/
>> Luke 8:46 H(/YATO/ MOU/
>> Acts 25:10 KAI/SARO/S E(STW/S
>> 1 Cor. 10:19 EI)DWLO/QUTO/N TI/ . . . EI)/DWLO/N TI/
>> Rev. 19:10 SU/NDOULO/S SOU/
>> Rev. 22:9 SU/NDOULO/S SOU/
>>These don't seem to fit in with Carl's "if and only if" statement regarding
>>the necessity of a following enclitic.
>Every word ollowing the double-accented word in the above instances is an
>enclitic except for E(STW/S, and that's an error. KAI/SARO/S ought to be
>spelled KAI/SAROS with only one accent;that's the way it is spelled in UBS3
>and UBS4.
You need a good morphology. I am sure that Mounce's Morphology has a
chapter on accents. The one done by Jim Brooks and I has a good chapter on
this, discussing accents from every possible angle.

Carlton L. Winbery
Fogleman Professor of Religion
Louisiana College
Fax (318) 442-4996
Phone (318) 487-7241