Dale M. Wheeler (
Mon, 20 Jan 1997 10:46:53 -0800

You should go back through the archives since there is a thread, perhaps as
much as a year ago, on this topic; I remember posting a series of my

Here are a couple more:

You can't tell whom Jesus is talking to in Luke 22:31-34 (ie., who is the
"You") apart from the Greek text, since "you" in English can be either sg
or pl, and this passage uses both (cf., James 2:20-24 where it switches
from sg to pl in v24).

You can't see structure of arguments in English when a writer uses the
repetition of a certain preposition to show the stages of the idea
development; eg., the use of EIS in 1Pet 1:3-5.

I also agree that Greek helps you with 1John 3:9 (and context), but I don't
think its in taking the presents as "habitual"; I'd agree with Marshall
(1John in NICNT), Kubo ("1John 3:9...", Andrews Univ Sem Studies
7[1969]:47ff), Hodges (1John in Bible Knowledge Comm), and Fanning (Verbal
Aspect) that they are "absolute" or "generic" statements.


Dale M. Wheeler, Th.D.
Research Professor in Biblical Languages Multnomah Bible College
8435 NE Glisan Street Portland, OR 97220
Voice: 503-251-6416 FAX:503-254-1268 E-Mail: