Re: "vexed" in 2 Pet. 2:7

Carl W. Conrad (
Sat, 25 Jan 1997 06:06:58 -0600

At 2:47 AM -0600 1/25/97, Thomas Biddy wrote:
>I would greatly appreciate a better understanding of the meaning of vexed
>in 2 Peter. Irritated? Frustrated? Disgusted? Is there anyway to know
>what was Lot's emotional state or attitude.
> Book of 2 Peter ( Greek NT - Textus Receptus )
> 2:7 kai dikaion lwt kataponoumenon upo th" twn aqesmwn en aselgeia
> anastrofh" errusato

Louw-Nida: KATAPONEOMAI-"be distressed, with the implication of being worn
out by such an experience."

PONOS generally means exhausting effort, hard work; however, it is clearly
used of emotional strain as well and that appears to be the fundamental
sense here; the KATA element seems to intensify this sense of overwhelming
emotional strain.
The way you formulate your question seems to indicate you are trying to
ascertain his MORAL reaction, and I really don't think there's any
indication of that in the participle KATAPONOUMENON itself.

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University
One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO, USA 63130
(314) 935-4018 OR