Louw-Nida: KATAPONEOMAI-"be distressed, with the implication of being worn
out by such an experience."
PONOS generally means exhausting effort, hard work; however, it is clearly
used of emotional strain as well and that appears to be the fundamental
sense here; the KATA element seems to intensify this sense of overwhelming
The way you formulate your question seems to indicate you are trying to
ascertain his MORAL reaction, and I really don't think there's any
indication of that in the participle KATAPONOUMENON itself.
Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University
One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO, USA 63130
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