On Fri, 28 Oct 1994, Penn State is #1 wrote:
> I have what must seem like a very mundane question, but one that I would like ananswer to nonetheless. It concerns middle voice and/or deponent verbs. How
> do you parse these, specifically what voice do you give them? For example,
> apokrinomai, "I answer," is of course passive in form, but active in meaning.
> Would you instruct a student to parse it as first person, singular, present,
> deponent, indicative? Or would you recommend 1st pers., sing., pres., MIDDLE,
> indicative. I have seen both done, and I am not sure what is normal procedure.
> Thanks for any help you can give.
> Andy Smith
My understanding of the difference between a deponent and a
middle is that a deponent verb has an active sense with passive endings, but
never takes the active endings. A deponent verb is a special type of verb, an
exception to "normal" verb conjugation.
A verb is called "middle," on the other hand, when it normally
takes the active endings, but in a specific situation, has taken a
passive ending while retaning an active sense.
Thus, apokrinomai would always be a present deponent indicative, while
louomai, in a situation where it should be translated active, would be
called a present middle indicative.
Student of Religion at Jamestown College, ND
- From: Penn State is #1 <firstname.lastname@example.org>