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by Stephen Carlson
September 18th, 2020, 6:10 pm
Forum: Syntax and Grammar
Topic: Dynamic Syntax
Replies: 2
Views: 46

Re: Dynamic Syntax

I had never heard of Dynamic Syntax before and I’ve heard of a lot of them. It looks really close to generative grammar and formal semantics except that the trees are generated top-left to down-right instead of the opposite order. Personally, I don’t think generative grammar has proved very helpful ...
by Stephen Carlson
September 15th, 2020, 3:23 am
Forum: Beginners Forum
Topic: Please help me to identify the letters in greek
Replies: 12
Views: 362

Re: Please help me to identify the letters in greek

Another: "τῷ ςεναγμῷ τῶν οωτερίαν ουνεξευγμένην" - Here I did found that he was quoting Nazianzen and I found who was Gregory Nazianzen but from which of Nazianzen's books is he quoting? Not sure because of the misspellings. The first and the thrid word are ok. The second one I was able to find it ...
by Stephen Carlson
September 10th, 2020, 4:18 am
Forum: Syntax and Grammar
Topic: Use of the article with ἐν
Replies: 1
Views: 69

Re: Use of the article with ἐν

The next noun we'll look at is ἡ δεξιά, the right hand. It is found both with and without the article after ἐν. With the article, it is fairly straightforward: Matt 27:29 …, καὶ πλέξαντες στέφανον ἐξ ἀκανθῶν ἐπέθηκαν ἐπὶ ⸂τῆς κεφαλῆς⸃ αὐτοῦ καὶ κάλαμον ⸂ἐν τῇ δεξιᾷ⸃ αὐτοῦ , … Rev 2:1 Τάδε λέγει ὁ κρ...
by Stephen Carlson
September 8th, 2020, 11:13 pm
Forum: Syntax and Grammar
Topic: Use of the article with ἐν
Replies: 1
Views: 69

Use of the article with ἐν

Following our look at various grammars on the use of the article with (proper) prepositional objects, I want to look at, in this topic, examples with the preposition ἐν, especially (near) minimal pairs. I welcome your thoughts about these cases. First up is ἐν γαστρί vs. ἐν τῇ κοιλίᾳ. The nouns γαστ...
by Stephen Carlson
September 8th, 2020, 7:53 pm
Forum: New Testament
Topic: Eph 2:8 τοῦτο ... τὸ δῶρον
Replies: 10
Views: 259

Re: Eph 2:8 τοῦτο ... τὸ δῶρον

But you could also be right, or it could be that it's both and a first speaker of the language wouldn't even notice the difference. From what I can tell of ancient native speakers who interpreted the passage, they placed much less (indeed virtually no) weight on the gender of τοῦτο in their interpr...
by Stephen Carlson
September 8th, 2020, 8:01 am
Forum: New Testament
Topic: Eph 2:8 τοῦτο ... τὸ δῶρον
Replies: 10
Views: 259

Re: Eph 2:8 τοῦτο ... τὸ δῶρον

So, bottom line for me is that the the summative anaphoric use of τοῦτο here better fits the context than any kind of "forward attraction." Sounds like something’s missing with the initial “So,” but I don’t really see a necessary tension between the two positions. The forward attraction merely expl...
by Stephen Carlson
September 8th, 2020, 1:40 am
Forum: New Testament
Topic: Hello everyone! John 1:3b
Replies: 2
Views: 87

Re: Hello everyone! John 1:3b

A good place to answer these kinds of questions is the notes section of the NET bible . Here's what it says: 3 tc There is a major punctuation problem here: Should this relative clause go with v. 3 or v. 4? The earliest mss have no punctuation (P66,75* א* A B Δ al). Many of the later mss which do ha...
by Stephen Carlson
September 7th, 2020, 9:05 pm
Forum: New Testament
Topic: Rev. 1:4 ὁ ἦν not ὁ γενόμενος
Replies: 23
Views: 2281

Re: Rev. 1:4 ὁ ἦν not ὁ γενόμενος

There is very little doubt that this is an intentional solecism on the part of the author. It's a judgment call whether one case of pushing the boundaries of syntax and grammar is a solecism or something sublime. In this case, I've just had the thought today that it could be a blend of a quotative ...
by Stephen Carlson
September 7th, 2020, 6:25 pm
Forum: New Testament
Topic: Eph 2:8 τοῦτο ... τὸ δῶρον
Replies: 10
Views: 259

Re: Eph 2:8 τοῦτο ... τὸ δῶρον

I should add for the sake of being more complete, that BDAG has a somewhat different option: γ. καὶ τοῦτο and at that, and especially (B-D-F §290, 5; 442, 9; W-S. §21, 4; Rob. 1181f) Ro 13:11; 1 Cor 6:6, 8; Eph 2:8 . καὶ ταῦτα (also Pla. et al.; s. Kühner-G. I 647) passing over fr. and at that to al...
by Stephen Carlson
September 7th, 2020, 10:08 am
Forum: New Testament
Topic: Eph 2:8 τοῦτο ... τὸ δῶρον
Replies: 10
Views: 259

Re: Eph 2:8 πίστις and τοῦτο

I hate to bring up a five-year old post, but what are the reasons that the proposal of forward attraction of τοῦτο to the neuter δῶρον is unsatisfactory? τῇ γὰρ χάριτί ἐστε σεσῳσμένοι διὰ πίστεως· καὶ τοῦτο οὐκ ἐξ ὑμῶν, θεοῦ τὸ δῶρον 9 οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων, ἵνα μή τις καυχήσηται. By "forward attraction" ar...

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