List of Articular Infinitives

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Jonathan Robie
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Re: List of Articular Infinitives

Post by Jonathan Robie » January 12th, 2015, 9:15 am

Stephen Carlson wrote:Thanks for looking into it, and sorry about the bug. I thought this is the kind of query that your syntax tree project can handle but that traditional search software should not be able to easily (i.e., without an excessively over-inclusive search with a manual filter).
Precisely.

And having concrete use cases like this is very helpful for making our syntax trees as useful as possible - even better with a known answer to compare to, as in this thread.

I was not able to get to it this week, but should be able to in the coming weeks.
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MAubrey
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Re: List of Articular Infinitives

Post by MAubrey » January 12th, 2015, 9:20 am

I'm yet to find the alternative syntactic pattern in the Cascadia Syntax Database (which, as noted, is a sister to Jonathan & Micheal's), but I really don't have time to go in depth.

So if anyone feels like finding out what's in Burk's book that's missing from this list, I wouldn't complain...

Matt 2:13; Matt 3:13; Matt 5:28; Matt 6:1; Matt 6:8; Matt 11:1; Matt 13:3; Matt 13:4; Matt 13:5; Matt 13:6; Matt 13:25; Matt 13:30; Matt 15:20; Matt 20:19; Matt 20:23; Matt 21:32; Matt 23:5; Matt 24:12; Matt 24:45; Matt 26:2; Matt 26:12; Matt 26:32; Matt 27:12; Matt 27:31; Mark 1:14; Mark 4:4; Mark 4:5; Mark 4:6; Mark 5:4; Mark 6:48; Mark 9:10; Mark 10:40; Mark 12:33; Mark 12:33; Mark 13:22; Mark 14:28; Mark 14:55; Mark 16:19; Luke 1:8; Luke 1:9; Luke 1:21; Luke 1:57; Luke 1:73–75; Luke 1:77–79; Luke 1:79; Luke 2:6; Luke 2:21; Luke 2:21; Luke 2:24; Luke 2:27; Luke 2:27; Luke 2:43; Luke 3:21–22; Luke 4:10; Luke 4:42; Luke 5:1; Luke 5:7; Luke 5:17; Luke 6:48; Luke 8:5; Luke 8:5; Luke 8:6; Luke 8:40; Luke 8:42; Luke 9:7–8; Luke 9:29; Luke 9:33; Luke 9:34; Luke 9:36; Luke 9:51; Luke 9:51; Luke 10:19; Luke 10:35; Luke 10:38; Luke 11:27; Luke 11:37; Luke 12:5; Luke 12:15; Luke 12:42; Luke 14:1; Luke 17:1; Luke 17:11; Luke 17:14; Luke 18:1; Luke 18:5; Luke 18:35; Luke 19:15; Luke 21:22; Luke 22:6; Luke 22:15; Luke 22:20; Luke 22:31; Luke 23:8; Luke 24:4; Luke 24:15; Luke 24:16; Luke 24:25; Luke 24:29; Luke 24:30; Luke 24:45; Luke 24:51; John 1:48; John 2:24; John 13:19; John 17:5; Acts 1:3; Acts 2:1; Acts 3:2; Acts 3:12; Acts 3:19; Acts 3:26; Acts 4:2; Acts 4:18; Acts 4:30; Acts 5:31; Acts 7:4; Acts 7:19; Acts 7:19; Acts 8:6; Acts 8:11; Acts 8:40; Acts 9:3; Acts 9:15; Acts 10:25; Acts 10:41; Acts 10:47; Acts 11:15; Acts 12:20; Acts 14:9; Acts 14:18; Acts 15:13; Acts 15:20; Acts 18:2; Acts 18:10; Acts 20:1; Acts 20:3; Acts 20:20; Acts 20:27; Acts 20:30; Acts 21:12; Acts 23:15; Acts 23:15; Acts 23:20; Acts 25:11; Acts 26:18; Acts 26:18; Acts 27:1; Acts 27:9; Acts 27:20; Rom 1:11–12; Rom 1:24–25; Rom 3:4; Rom 4:11; Rom 6:6; Rom 6:12; Rom 7:5; Rom 7:18; Rom 7:18; Rom 8:12; Rom 11:8; Rom 11:8; Rom 11:10; Rom 11:11; Rom 12:2; Rom 12:3; Rom 13:8; Rom 14:13; Rom 14:21; Rom 15:5; Rom 15:8–9; Rom 15:13; Rom 15:13; Rom 15:22; Rom 15:23–24; 1 Cor 8:10; 1 Cor 9:10; 1 Cor 9:18; 1 Cor 10:13; 1 Cor 11:6; 1 Cor 11:21; 1 Cor 11:22; 1 Cor 11:25; 1 Cor 11:33; 1 Cor 14:39; 1 Cor 14:39; 1 Cor 16:4; 2 Cor 1:4; 2 Cor 1:8; 2 Cor 2:1; 2 Cor 2:13; 2 Cor 3:13; 2 Cor 4:4; 2 Cor 7:3; 2 Cor 7:11; 2 Cor 7:12; 2 Cor 8:6; 2 Cor 8:10; 2 Cor 8:10; 2 Cor 8:11; 2 Cor 8:11; 2 Cor 8:11; 2 Cor 8:11; 2 Cor 9:1; 2 Cor 10:2; Gal 2:12; Gal 3:10; Gal 3:17; Gal 3:23; Gal 4:18; Eph 1:12; Eph 1:18–19; Eph 6:11; Phil 1:7; Phil 1:10; Phil 1:21; Phil 1:21; Phil 1:22; Phil 1:23; Phil 1:24; Phil 1:29; Phil 1:29; Phil 2:13; Phil 2:13; Phil 3:10; Phil 3:21; 1 Thess 2:9; 1 Thess 2:12; 1 Thess 2:16; 1 Thess 3:2; 1 Thess 3:3; 1 Thess 3:5; 1 Thess 3:10; 1 Thess 3:13; 1 Thess 4:6; 1 Thess 4:9; 2 Thess 1:5; 2 Thess 2:2; 2 Thess 2:6; 2 Thess 2:10; 2 Thess 2:11; 2 Thess 3:8; 2 Thess 3:9; Heb 2:8; Heb 2:15; Heb 2:17; Heb 3:12; Heb 3:15; Heb 5:12; Heb 7:23; Heb 7:24; Heb 7:25; Heb 8:3; Heb 8:13; Heb 9:14; Heb 9:28; Heb 10:2; Heb 10:7; Heb 10:9; Heb 10:15–16; Heb 10:26; Heb 10:31; Heb 11:3; Heb 11:5; Heb 12:10; Heb 13:21; James 1:19; James 1:19; James 3:3; James 4:2; James 4:15; James 5:17; 1 Pet 3:7; 1 Pet 3:10; 1 Pet 4:2; 1 Pet 4:17; Rev 12:7;
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John Kendall
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Re: List of Articular Infinitives

Post by John Kendall » January 12th, 2015, 10:50 am

John Kendall wrote:I've now compared Burk's lists in both the paper and the monograph. The number of examples cited in the paper is 322, not the 323 that it states.

The monograph (p. 24, notes 108, 109) lists 200 examples with prepositions (removing 1 Thess 3:3 from the earlier list) and 124 without prepositions (adding 1 Thess 3:3 and Acts 4:18 [2x] to the earlier list). However, in note 116 on p. 71, Burk concludes that Acts 4:18 does not involve an articular infinitive construction and that 1 Thess 3:3 should be probably be considered to be a prepositional construction. This gets us back to the same list as in the paper!

Missing from the initial lists in both the paper and the monograph is the prepositional construction in Heb 2:15. This is included in what appear to be Burk's definitive lists in the monograph appendices. With this, and excluding Acts 4:18, his tally reaches 323.
Apologies. There's something not quite right in my earlier post. Burk does in fact include Heb 2:15 in the list in his paper, but under non-prepositional constructions. However, as stated, this reference is missing from his initial list in the monograph, but it is included in his appendix under prepositional constructions. As a result, the total figures I've quoted above need rechecking. If anyone wants to do some counting and/or make a comparison with Mike Aubrey's list, here are the lists copied, pasted and reformatted from Burk's paper:

Prepositional constructions
Matt. 5:28; 6:1, 8; 13:4, 5, 6, 25, 30; 20:19 (3x); 23:5;24:12; 26:2, 12, 32; 27:12, 31; Mark 1:14; 4:4, 5, 6; 5:4 (3x); 6:48; 13:22; 14:28, 55; 16:19 (!); Luke 1:8, 21; 2:4, 6, 21, 27, 43; 3:21; 5:1 (2x), 12, 17; 6:48; 8:5, 6, 40, 42; 9:7, 18,29, 33, 34, 36, 51; 10:35, 38; 11:1, 8, 27, 37; 12:5, 15; 14:1; 17:11, 14; 18:1, 5, 35; 19:11 (2x), 15; 22:15, 20; 23:8; 24:4, 15 (2x), 30, 51; John 1:48; 2:24; 13:19; 17:5; Acts 1:3; 2:1; 3:19, 26; 4:2 (2x), 30 (2x); 7:4, 19; 8:6 (2x), 11, 40;9:3; 10:41; 11:15; 12:20; 15:13; 18:2, 3; 19:1, 21; 20:1; 23:15; 27:4, 9;28:18; Rom. 1:11, 20; 3:4, 26; 4:11 (2x), 16, 18; 6:12; 7:4, 5; 8:29; 11:11; 12:2, 3; 15:8, 13 (2x), 16; 1 Cor. 8:10; 9:18; 10:6; 11:21, 22 (2x), 25, 33; 2 Cor. 1:4; 3:13; 4:4; 7:3 (2x), 12; 8:6, 11; Gal. 2:12; 3:17,23; 4:18; Eph. 1:12, 18; 6:11; Phil. 1:7, 10, 23 (2x); 1 Thess. 2:9,12, 16; 3:2 (2x), 3, 5, 10 (2x), 13; 4:9; 2 Thess. 1:5; 2:2 (2x), 6, 10, 11; 3:8, 9; Heb. 2:8, 17; 3:12, 15; 7:23, 24, 25; 8:3, 13; 9:14, 28; 10:2, 15, 26; 11:3; 12:10; 13:21; Jas 1:18, 19 (2x); 3:3; 4:2, 15; 1 Pet. 3:7; 4:2

Non-prepositional constructions
Matt. 2:13; 3:13; 11:1 (2x); 13:3; 15:20;20:23; 21:32; 24:45; Mark 9:10; 10:40; 12:33 (2x); Luke 1:9, 57, 73, 77, 79; 2:6, 21, 24, 27; 4:10,42; 5:7; 8:5; 9:51; 10:19; 12:42; 17:1; 21:22; 22:6, 31; 24:16, 25, 29, 45; Acts 3:2, 12; 5:31; 7:19; 9:15; 10:25, 47; 13:47; 14:9, 18; 15:20; 18:10; 20:3, 20 (2x), 27, 30; 21:12; 23:15, 20; 25:11; 26:18 (2x); 27:1, 20; Rom. 1:24; 6:6; 7:3, 18 (2x); 8:12; 11:8 (2x), 10; 13:8; 14:13, 21 (2x); 15:22, 23; 1 Cor. 7:26; 9:10; 10:13; 11:6 (2x); 14:39 (2x); 16:4; 2 Cor. 1:8; 2:1, 13; 7:11; 8:10 (2x); 8:11 (3x); 9:1; 10:2; Gal. 3:10; Phil. 1:21 (2x), 22, 24, 29 (2x); 2:6, 13 (2x); 3:10, 21; 4:10; 1 Thess. 4:6 (2x); Heb.2:15; 5:12; 10:7, 9,31; 11:5; Jas 5:17; 1 Pet. 3:10; 4:17; Rev. 12:7
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Re: List of Articular Infinitives

Post by Stephen Carlson » January 12th, 2015, 11:28 am

An immediate difference is that Mike's list doesn't indicate if there are multiple instances of articular infinitives in a particular verse. Could this affect the counts?
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MAubrey
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Re: List of Articular Infinitives

Post by MAubrey » January 12th, 2015, 11:30 pm

Stephen Carlson wrote:An immediate difference is that Mike's list doesn't indicate if there are multiple instances of articular infinitives in a particular verse. Could this affect the counts?
That accounts for a handful. That's MS Excel being a jerk and me being lazy.

I started working through Burk's lists back when I initially did the syntax search (last week?)...but too quickly got completely annoyed by the fact that he separates 'prepositional' from 'non-prepositional'. I don't have the free time right now to (1) go back and forth checking multiple lists or (2) merge them.
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Re: List of Articular Infinitives

Post by Stephen Carlson » January 13th, 2015, 10:26 pm

MAubrey wrote:
Stephen Carlson wrote:An immediate difference is that Mike's list doesn't indicate if there are multiple instances of articular infinitives in a particular verse. Could this affect the counts?
That accounts for a handful. That's MS Excel being a jerk and me being lazy.
It should count for about 30 by my estimation. This may leave about 20.
MAubrey wrote:I started working through Burk's lists back when I initially did the syntax search (last week?)...but too quickly got completely annoyed by the fact that he separates 'prepositional' from 'non-prepositional'. I don't have the free time right now to (1) go back and forth checking multiple lists or (2) merge them.
Yeah. I spot-checked Matthew and only found the multiple instances in a single verse issue.
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Jonathan Robie
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Re: List of Articular Infinitives

Post by Jonathan Robie » March 7th, 2015, 5:04 pm

This has been an extremely useful thread for me. I'll mention special cases I hit, one per post.

The first bottleneck I hit was that we didn't have the head of each phrase consistently marked, and that took the most time. As a result, I was getting false positives when the infinitive was not the head of the phrase, as in this example:
inf-00.png
inf-00.png (22.15 KiB) Viewed 1513 times
That's now fixed in the treebanks found at https://github.com/biblicalhumanities/g ... 904-lowfat and https://github.com/biblicalhumanities/g ... sbl-lowfat, so this verse would not come up as an articular infinitive.
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Re: List of Articular Infinitives

Post by Jonathan Robie » March 7th, 2015, 5:12 pm

Now that we have a treebank that correctly marks the head, the simple case is infinitives that are the head of a phrase, where a determiner occurs as a preceding sibling of the infinitive. Here's an example from John 13:19:
inf-01.png
inf-01.png (6.33 KiB) Viewed 1512 times
This is an easy query in XPath or XQuery:

Code: Select all

//w[@mood='infinitive' and @head='true']/preceding-sibling::w[@class='det']
But in the treebank, most examples are more complex than that. Two more posts will cover the examples we are missing.
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Re: List of Articular Infinitives

Post by Jonathan Robie » March 7th, 2015, 5:25 pm

In our treebank, most instances of articular infinitives are marked up as noun phrases with a determiner that governs a clause, like this:
inf-02.png
inf-02.png (12.04 KiB) Viewed 1511 times
Sometimes one article can govern more than one infinitive, as in this example from Matthew 11:1:
inf-03.png
inf-03.png (16.3 KiB) Viewed 1511 times
This XPath / XQuery finds both kinds of structures:

Code: Select all

//w[@mood='infinitive' and @head='true']/ancestor::wg[@class='cl'][1]/preceding-sibling::w[@class='det']
This does, however, have a few false positives such as this one (due to the function of ἄρχω, which the query does not account for):
inf-04.png
inf-04.png (25.01 KiB) Viewed 1511 times
So you have to read through the results carefully.
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ἐξίσταντο δὲ πάντες καὶ διηποροῦντο, ἄλλος πρὸς ἄλλον λέγοντες, τί θέλει τοῦτο εἶναι;
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Jonathan Robie
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Re: List of Articular Infinitives

Post by Jonathan Robie » March 7th, 2015, 5:43 pm

Those two queries did not take very long to write, but they missed instances where a determiner governs multiple sub-clauses, as in this example:
inf-05.png
inf-05.png (37.34 KiB) Viewed 1510 times
In this pattern, multiple clauses are joined with conjunctions within a single clause governed by the determiner. This XPath / XQuery finds instances of this pattern - infinitives in clauses with parent clauses that contain only clauses and conjunctions.

Code: Select all

//w[@mood='infinitive' and @head='true']/ancestor::wg[@class='cl'][1]/parent::wg[@class="cl" and count(*) = count(wg[@class="cl"] | w[@class='conj'])]/preceding-sibling::w[@class='det']
But once again, there are a few false positives, such as this one in Mark 1:45:
inf-06.png
inf-06.png (17.98 KiB) Viewed 1510 times
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ἐξίσταντο δὲ πάντες καὶ διηποροῦντο, ἄλλος πρὸς ἄλλον λέγοντες, τί θέλει τοῦτο εἶναι;
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