Of the four occurrences of σουδάριον in the New Testament, two of them:
Luke 19:20 (part) wrote:ἰδού, ἡ μνᾶ σου, ἣν εἶχον ἀποκειμένην ἐν σουδαρίῳ·
seem to signify a (small) cloth of some sort, something like the Latin sudarium.Acts 19:12 wrote:σουδάρια ἢ σιμικίνθια
In the other 2, perhaps Hebrew / Aramaic סודרא from its common association with the head is signified in
and again at:11:44 wrote:καὶ ἡ ὄψις αὐτοῦ σουδαρίῳ περιεδέδετο.
Perhaps our current lexical reference works were written at a time with the Jewishness of Jesus was understudied or they rely on references that come from that stand point. BDAG mentions that was also derived from sudarium, but doesn't discuss whether the meaning in the various New Testament contexts derives from the Latin or the Hebrew / Aramaic.John 20:17 wrote:τὸ σουδάριον ὃ ἦν ἐπὶ τῆς κεφαλῆς αὐτοῦ
Has anybody given thought to the way meanings were borrowed and adapted between the various languages present in the language ecology in Judea at that time?