Here's a proposed segmentation into intonation units. Owing to limitations of this forum, it is too hard to show how they interrelated by indentation.
Evidence for their identification is coded as follows: introductives
, words that tend to introduce cola are in red
, postpositive conjunctions
are in purple
; unemphasized second position elements
(clitics, pronouns) are in blue
Helma Dik, Word Order in Ancient Greek: A Pragmatic Account of Word Order Variation in Herodotus
(ASCP 5; Amsterdam: J. C. Gieben, 1995), 35, calls such (indirect) evidence "punctuation after the fact." I have left the editorial punctuation as it appears, so one can compare how they line up.
Gal 1:6-10 wrote:
6b ὅτι οὕτως ταχέως μετατίθεσθε
6c ἀπὸ τοῦ καλέσαντος ὑμᾶς ἐν χάριτι Χριστοῦ
6d εἰς ἕτερον εὐαγγέλιον,
7a ὃ οὐκ ἔστιν ἄλλο·
7b εἰ μή τινές εἰσιν
7c οἱ ταράσσοντες ὑμᾶς
7d καὶ θέλοντες μεταστρέψαι τὸ εὐαγγέλιον τοῦ Χριστοῦ.
8a ἀλλὰ καὶ ἐὰν ἡμεῖς
8b ἢ ἄγγελος ἐξ οὐρανοῦ
8c εὐαγγελίζηται ὑμῖν
8d παρʼ ὃ εὐηγγελισάμεθα ὑμῖν,
8e ἀνάθεμα ἔστω.
9a ὡς προειρήκαμεν,
9b καὶ ἄρτι πάλιν λέγω,
9c εἴ τις ὑμᾶς εὐαγγελίζεται
9d παρʼ ὃ παρελάβετε,
9e ἀνάθεμα ἔστω.
10a Ἄρτι γὰρ ἀνθρώπους πείθω
10b ἢ τὸν θεόν;
10c ἢ ζητῶ ἀνθρώποις ἀρέσκειν;
10d εἰ ἔτι ἀνθρώποις ἤρεσκον,
10e Χριστοῦ δοῦλος
10f οὐκ ἂν ἤμην.
Some discourse/syntactic notes and issues:
- 6a Θαυμάζω: the asyndeton indicates here (esp. after the ἀμήν ending the doxology of v.5) the start of a major section.
- 6b οὕτως ταχέως: fronted (focal) position shows emphasis.
- 6b μετατίθεσθε: the present stem indicates that the action is not complete, in that the Galatians as a whole have not turned away, but it is not clear in what sense this turning is incomplete. It could be progressive, that some have turned away but others have not; it could be conative, in that the group as a whole is trying or making arrangements to turn away (as if they have scheduled the mohel), or it could be prospective, in that they are about to turn away. Given the manner adverb ταχέως, I am inclined to support the first option, but this could be discussed.
- 6c Χριστοῦ: this is omitted in some manuscripts, and it seems that three syntactic options are available for relating this genitive into the participial clause ἀπὸ τοῦ καλέσαντος ὑμᾶς ἐν χάριτι Χριστοῦ:
- Construe Χριστοῦ with χάριτι, so that it reads from the one who called you in/by/with Christ's grace
- Construe Χριστοῦ with τοῦ, so that it reads from the Christ who called you with grace
- Construe Χριστοῦ as a second object of a trivalent καλέσαντος, so that it reads from the one who called you with grace to be of Christ
- 7a has already been discussed in this thread above.
- 8b-c: the variant reading with ὑμῖν before the verb segments differently, so that both 8b and 8c would constitute one colon. As a result, the information structure of this would become the same as that of 9c.
- 10a: The connective γάρ has already been discussed in this thread above.
- 10b εἰ ... ἤρεσκον: somebody more interested in Greek conditionals may want to comment this.
- 10e Χριστοῦ δοῦλος: the segmentation of this into its own colon (indicated by the position of ἄν at the beginning 10f) is evidence that this is strongly emphatic.
Stephen C. Carlson, Ph.D.