Stephen Hughes wrote: LSJ wrote:
II. grant, bestow, “κῦδός τισι” Pi.P.2.52 in pres. and impf., offer, allow, “αἵρεσιν” Id.N.10.83.
- 2. c. inf., allow one to . . , Hdt.1.210, 6.103, al.: c. acc. rei, permit, “ὁ θεὸς τοῦτό γε οὐ παρεδίδου” Id.5.67; πληγὴν . . παραδοθεῖσαν εἰσιδών a blow offered, i. e. opportunity of striking, E.Ph.1393: abs., τοῦ θεοῦ παραδιδόντος if he permits, Hdt.7.18; “ἢν οἱ θεοὶ παραδιδῶσιν” X.An.6.6.34; “ὅπως ἂν οἱ καιροὶ παραδιδῶσιν” Isoc.5.118; “τῆς ὥρας παραδιδούσης” Plb.21.41.9: less freq. in aor., “πότμου παραδόντος” Pi.P.5.3; “ὡς ἂν ὁ δαίμων παραδῷ” D.60.19.
I get what you guys are saying about nuance of the aorist and the other text form.
Have a second look at the sentence here. It seems to me that all the other New Testament uses of παραδίδωμι are in "normal" grammatical sentences where the meaning is in some way shape or form related to what we’d expect the verb to mean. The LSJ refers to present and imperfect meaning ”allow". Even ignoring the tense requirenent, fruits don't "allow".
If you saw Ὅταν δὲ παραδῷ ὁ καρπός by itself, what would you make of it? I think that ripen is a logical best guess in the circumstances, but I suspect that we are missing something idiomatic by reading only the circumstances and not also this phrase itself with its own efficacy.
Okay, and I'll add BDAG:
4. to make it possible for someth. to happen, allow, permit (Hdt. 5, 67; 7, 18 [subj. ὁ θεός]; X., An. 6, 6, 34 [οἱ θεοί]; Isocr. 5, 118 [οἱ καιροί]; Polyb. 22, 24, 9 τῆς ὥρας παραδιδούσης) ὅταν παραδοῖ ὁ καρπός when the (condition of the) crop permits Mk 4:29.—On the whole word: WPopkes, Christus Traditus, ’67.—M-M. EDNT. TW. Spicq. Sv.
I think that "allow, permit" is probably the idiomatic sense here, after all. There's the idiomatic sense of conditions suitable to performance of an operation; we say, for instance, "I'll do that in the morning, weather permitting." So here, I guess, we should say, "when the crop permits (it), the overseer sends out the reaper." But this is not so far removed from the other usages of παραδοῦνδαι ("deliver", "surrender", "make available" -- or doesn't seem so far to me. I certainly can't see anything like "ripen" here, although the ripening process must surely have proceeded apace for the harvest to be possible. If anything's different, it's that we don't seem to have an agent functioning volitionally but a natural process reaching a certain stage so as to make the harvest possible.