Stephen Hughes wrote:Here καρπός in this context means "wrist". Cf. Any of the "carpal" words you know.
Oops, thanks for the correction!
Hebrew is more descriptive rather than having a single word for the wrist - שורש כף היד
literally "root of the palm of the hand".
Obviously not used in Tanakh, however closest is definitely Ezekiel 13:18 אַצִּילֵי יָדַי
"joints of the hands" = "wrists".
Stephen Hughes wrote:Is it used for "forearm" in the DSS or other extra-Biblical literature?
Afraid I don't know. I'll see what I can find among my unread DSS docs.
Does the LXX ever use anything other than אַמָּה for πῆχυς?
Has it as a translation of יד
in Prov 29:37 (31:19 Heb), though here is definitely using it as meaning "arm" rather than cubit.
Stephen Hughes wrote:Speaking of measurements, is the other arm measurement - σπιθαμή "hand span" - used?
That it is - זֶ֫רֶת
- Is 40:12; Ex 28:16; 39:9; Ez 43:13; 1 S 17:4.
Stephen Hughes wrote:What is used in the Tanakh where the LXX has ἀγκών?
2 Ch 9:18
Stephen Hughes wrote:
Job 31:22 wrote:ἀποσταίη ἄρα ὁ ὦμός μου ἀπὸ τῆς κλειδός ὁ δὲ βραχίων μου ἀπὸ τοῦ ἀγκῶνός μου συντριβείη
I think ὦμος is used of the power-source of the arm's strength here - the "shoulder and upper arm". The κλείς is the clavicle, so is that talking about a dislocation or subluxation? βραχίων here is (down, away from the body) from the elbow, but that is necesarily the case in Isaiah 52:10 - there is a range of meanings.
Apologies, was meaning the Hebrew rather than the Greek.
Though the Greek translation is rather interesting, as it seems to have swapped the two words (שְׁכֶם
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