Xenophon, [i]The Frugal Estate Manager[/i], Chapter 2, Section 4 wrote:κᾆτα οὕτως ἐγνωκὼς σὺ μὲν οὐχ ἡγῇ προσδεῖσθαι χρημάτων, ἐμὲ δὲ οἰκτίρεις ἐπὶ τῇ πενίᾳ; τὰ μὲν γὰρ ἐμά, ἔφη, ἱκανά ἐστιν ἐμοὶ παρέχειν τὰ ἐμοὶ ἀρκοῦντα: εἰς δὲ τὸ σὸν σχῆμα ὃ σὺ περιβέβλησαι καὶ τὴν σὴν δόξαν, οὐδ᾽ εἰ τρὶς ὅσα νῦν κέκτησαι προσγένοιτό σοι, οὐδ᾽ ὣς ἂν ἱκανά μοι δοκεῖ εἶναί σοι.
- καὶ εἶτα ... ; And then ... ?
, And so, what? You think that because ...
expressing surprise or sarcasm [Socrates estimates great wealth, then calls him poor.]
- this adverb contains the thoughts of the last part of section 3.
- this participle is being used with the second person. The perfect reduplicated in epsilon is regular for this verb, cf. 2 John 1 ἀλλὰ καὶ πάντες οἱ ἐγνωκότες τὴν ἀλήθειαν,
- (from ἡγέομαι) while this form could theoretically be either indicative or subjunctive, but seeing as the negative is οὐ it is probably indicative.
- (< ἀρκέω + dat. satisfy) the things that satisfy (me)
- outward appearance
, show of style
(what others think of you, how they esteem you)
οὐδέ ... οὐδέ ...
- (these are not really the 3rd and 4th parts of the earlier μὲν ... δὲ ... construction) It's quite easy to see what the intent is here. The easy thing to say would be that ὣς = οὕτως "doing this last action" i.e. if there were a three-fold increase in what you possess. But that doesn't really explain the structure. The reason is that there isn't really a structure, there is the same structure sort of twice. He doesn't finish his sentence, then he starts again, uses the ὣς to repeat what he doesn't want to say again, then finishes it. Without putting the purpose first, and without that restarting of the sentence, it would read οὐδ᾽ εἰ τρὶς ὅσα νῦν κέκτησαι προσγένοιτό σοι, ἂν ἱκανά μοι δοκεῖ εἶναί σοι εἰς τὸ σὸν σχῆμα ὃ σὺ περιβέβλησαι καὶ τὴν σὴν δόξαν. or the like.
(=/ τρεῖς) three time (as much as)
ὅσα νῦν κέκτησαι
- a single phrase
- the verb is singular in form, but plural in usage because it is with a neuter plural subject. I'm not sure if the amount is picked up, then laid down three times, or added three times directly. I mean, if you have a 1 yuan coin, I take it and symbolically give it to you 3 times, you (symbolically) have 3 time the money. But, if you keep it and I symbolically add three times, then you end up with four times as much. I don't know how these guys thought of it, but the general intent is clear enough.