De, kai, & euQus in Mark; was: Grammatical Tense, LEGW,

From: Rod Decker (
Date: Wed Oct 25 1995 - 21:46:24 EDT

Ken Litwak asked:

>of tense. I am also wondering, while I'm writing this, if those more
>knowledgeable than I in Greek lit. in general would attach significance to
>1. the use of de. In 7:24-30, Gundry, in his (may I say "masterful", at
>least impressive) commentary on Mark makes much of the occurences of
>adversative de in this passage. I'm not sure I'd put that much weight on
>this particle. It seems to me to just be how Greek sentences are linked
>together, and is of little or no significance. I would grant that to alla,
>but not to de.

I think that Gundry makes too much "exegetical hay" out of small
syntactical features. I spent a fair bit of time working on Mark's use of
'euQus' last spring and noted that Gundry (whom I would agree has a
'masterful' commentary on Mark!) always takes it to be exegetically
significant as indicative of immediate action. That is considerably
overdrawn in my mind. It is frequently equivalent to 'kai' as a loose
connective. Cf. his frequent use of 'kai euQus' to introduce a paragraph or
sentence. (I've got a journal article written on the subject, just need to
make time to get it properly formatted for submission.)


Rodney J. Decker Calvary Theological Seminary
Asst. Prof./NT 15800 Calvary Rd. Kansas City, Missouri 64147

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