Re: 1 Cor 6:11 and Aorists

From: James H. Vellenga (
Date: Tue Apr 23 1996 - 16:00:37 EDT

> From: Eric Weiss <>
> 3. Does the use of the middle in APELOUSASQE mean more correctly that "you
> washed yourselves"? (If this passagge is referring to Christian baptism, a
> possible OT motif might be Exodus 19:10-14 where the Lord told Moses both to
> consecrate the people and to have them wash themselves.) Or is this a
> deponent (APOLOUOMAI) as the UBS Newman dictionary indicates (though it would
> still be translated "washed yourselves" according to Newman's definition)?

I think that the middle, in being translated into English, needs to
vary according to the verb. Strictly speaking, it does mean "to X
oneself", but how we handle that idiomatically depends on the verb.


active -- "I opened the door"
passive -- "The door was opened"
middle -- "The way opened up for me"

active -- "I washed the car"
passive -- "The car was washed just yesterday"
middle -- "I got washed this morning"

I also like "got" more generally for the sense of completed action,
so in 1 Cor 6.11, I would do something like

 ".. but you got yourselves washed, but you got consecrated, but you
 got vindicated by [my preference] the name of the Lord Jesus Christ
 and by the Spirit of our God."

But those are just my preferences.


This archive was generated by hypermail 2.1.4 : Sat Apr 20 2002 - 15:37:41 EDT