Re: Sharp's Rule

Date: Tue Jun 18 1996 - 10:19:48 EDT

Mark OBrien writes concerning the validity of Sharp's rule:

>As Dan Wallace points out in his forthcoming grammar, Dana
>and Mantey omit to mention the specific limitations placed by
>Sharp on the type of construction he had in mind. In order for
>the two substantives to be considered as referring to the
>same person in an article-substantive-kai-substantive
>construction, there are three specific criterion which must
>be met:

>1. Neither should be impersonal.
>2. Neither should be plural.
>3. Neither should be a proper name.

In response, Wes Williams mentions this exception to Sharp's rule.

>Prov 24:21 LXX "fear [the] God and king" leaves Sharp's rule
>indefensible. Once again, the second noun is clearly distinct
>from the first.

The answer to this question is again found in Dan Wallace's new grammar. He
mentions another exception to Sharp's rule in addition to the three mentioned
above. This exceptions is:

Sharp's rule doesn't apply to translation Greek. This would exclude any
verse from the LXX.

Sharp's rule, when all the qualifications are considered, is a valuable tool
in establishing the deity of Christ. When all the conditions are met, the
two substantives ALWAYS refer to the same referent. Thus Titus 2:13 and 2
Peter 1:1 both refer to Jesus as "God and Savior."

Bruce Baker
M.Div candidate
Calvary Theological Seminary

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