Re: Gal 2:13 SUNAPHXQH

Date: Tue Sep 24 1996 - 19:11:16 EDT

In a message dated 96-09-24 11:29:05 EDT, Jonathan wrote:

<< Zerwick's "Grammatical Analysis" implies that the force of this is "was
 carried away", and refers to section #350 of his Greek Grammar. Alas, the
 University Book Store has not been able to get me a copy of his Greek
 which may be out of print.
 Zerwick says: "SUN-AP-HXQH aor. pass. ap-agw lead/carry away; force of
 (opp. inf.) was actually... #350."
 Can anybody explain to me where the "was actually" comes from? Does anybody
 access to Zerwick's Greek Grammar to refer to section 350?

I see that Carl Conrad has already replied, and his comments are pretty much
what I find in Zerwick's Greek Grammar, section 350.

But if it helps, here is, in part, what Zerwick said:

The consecutive conjunction has two constructions: with the indicative if the
speaker wishes to indicate the actual realization of the consequence; with
the infinitive otherwise (i.e. so long as the speaker has no special need to
indicate the actual event). It would seem that the latter (<<non-committal>>)
construction gained ground in the course of time, in the sense that in
classical usage a less important reason sufficed for the use of the
indicative than in later times; however that may be, the indicative is used
in the NT twice only, as against over fifty uses with the infinitive, a
circumstance which attracts especial attention to the cases with the

Zerwick then discussed those two passages, Jn 3:16 and Gal 2:13, and

It must however be noted that these two examples would not justify such
insistence upon them were it not that they are in such contrast to the usual
practice of using the infinitive with hWSTE.

Jeff Smelser

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