From: KULIKOVSKY, Andrew (AKULIKOV@baea.com.au)
Date: Fri Nov 15 1996 - 19:43:39 EST

Fellow Greeks,

In Ephesians 2:1 we read:
...., you were dead in your transgressions and sins, in which
you used to live when you .....(NIV)

Now the word for transgression is PARAPTWMASIN and the word
for sin is hARMARTIAIS, which raises the question, what is
the difference in meaning between these two words? I assume
there is a difference otherwise there wouldn't be any point
using both words (I guess they could both be used for emphasis
but there doesn't seem to be any parallelism in the construct

I checked Louw and Nida, BAGD, NIDNTT, TDNT and none made
any distinction between these words. A friend suggested that
PARAPTWMA was a willful sinful action and hAMARTIA was a
"accidental" non-premeditated sin but I couldn't find
data to support this - in fact to the contrary - NIDNTT
suggested that the classical use of PARAPTWMA was for
unintential wrong-doing.

What do the scholars think?


| Andrew S. Kulikovsky B.App.Sc(Hons) MACS
| Software Engineer
| British Aerospace Australia
| Technology Park, Adelaide
| ph: +618 8290 8268
| fax: +618 8290 8800
| email: akulikov@baea.com.au
| What's the point of gaining everything this world has
| to offer, if you lose your own life in the end?
| ...Look to Jesus Christ

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