Re: Acts 17:25; AUTOS DIDOUS

From: James H. Vellenga (
Date: Fri Nov 22 1996 - 16:10:00 EST

> From: Randy Leedy <>
> AUTOS DIDOUS in Acts 17:25 looks like a sure enough nominative
> absolute; just like the genitive absolute except in the nominative
> case. The only difference I can see between this and an unquestioned
> absolute construction is that the subject of the absolute participle
> does not usually appear in the governing clause (see Blass &
> DeBrunner, #423); here AUTOS refers to and agrees with hO QEOS in v.
> 24, the subject of the governing clause. However, in Matt. 12:46,
> nobody questions that AUTOU LALOUNTOS is a genitive absolute, even
> though Jesus also appears in the genitive in the governing clause (hH
> MHTHR KAI hOI ADELFOI AUTOU). So I don't see any reason not to take
> AUTOS DIDOUS in Acts 17:25 as a true nominative absolute.
Why not simply a noun in apposition with KURIOS in the preceding

   ... this one, being master of heaven and earth, doesn't dwell
   in handmade shrines, nor is he served by human hands [as if]
   having need of anything -- himself [being one] who gives to
   all [people] life and breath and all things.

Jim V.

James H. Vellenga |
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