Re: KAI in 1 Jn 1:3

From: John Kendall (
Date: Thu Sep 04 1997 - 07:31:20 EDT

Paul Zellmer wrote:

>A question came up as we were reviewing the draft of 1 John in our
>translation project. In the phrase APAGGELLOMEN KAI HUMIN in 1 Jn 1:3,
>with which part of the clause does the KAI go?

My impression is that adverbial KAI always relates to the item that follows it
- but my exposure to Koine Greek is limited so I may be wrong. However, I've
just consulted K. Titrud's useful essay, "The Function of KAI in the New
Testament and an Application to 2 Peter" in D. A. Black ed., Linguistics and
New Testament Interpretation (Nashville: Broadman, 1992) and he agrees.

Hope this helps and sorry if this has been dealt with already. I'm a little
behind with reading the recent digests.

John Kendall

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