John 3:8

From: B Rocine (
Date: Tue Sep 09 1997 - 20:06:17 EDT

Dear List,

How did the ancient audience hear Christ's use of the word _pneuma_ in John

1. Does the context, especially the use of the word _houtws_ later in the
verse necessitate the meaning "wind" ? The reason I bring up _houtws_ is
because it seems to indicate the presence of a simile which would require
the meaning "wind" for _pneuma_.

2. Or did the ancient hear "spirit" as the larger context of the New
Testament seems to indicate? In the rest of the New Testament the word
_anemos_ seems to be the prefered word for "wind."

3. Or did _pneuma_ carry a broader signification than either English _wind_
or _spirit_ which we cannot readily translate into English more like
Hebrew's _ruax_?

4. Other?

If 3 is our best guess, do you have a suggestion for the poor translators?

Thanks in advance,

B. M. Rocine
Associate Pastor
Church of the Living Word
6101 Court St. Rd.
Syracuse, NY 13206

work phone: 315-437-6744
home phone: 315-479-8267

This archive was generated by hypermail 2.1.4 : Sat Apr 20 2002 - 15:38:28 EDT