From: Clayton Bartholomew (email@example.com)
Date: Sat Oct 18 1997 - 07:46:56 EDT
The NT Lexicons I looked at do *not* account for an
instrumental use of SUN+dative. Is SUN+dative in Acts 7:35
instrumental? BDF (217.2) says it is. BDF says that it is a
rendering of the Hebrew BeYaD and means in this context,
*by means of*. BeYaD is a common construction in the MT
and it has a range of meanings, the instrumental *by means
of* being only one of them.
I took a tour of the *Great Lexicons* looking for an
instrumental use of SUN+dative. After reading BAGD four
times, I concluded that the closest that BAGD comes to
admitting an instrumental use is on page 781(3) "to denote
help." I say this is the closest, because this is not really an
instrumental use. LSJ 1690(6) lists an instrumental use
meaning *by means of*.
The scribes didn't all follow the reading you find in NA27.
Aleph* H P read EN for SUN. I don't know what this proves
other than the limitations of the apparatus in NA27 which
ignores this variant.
Putting all this information together I come up with a single
question. Is the SUN+dative in Acts 7:35 instrumental?
I would appreciate any insights you might have on this
Three Tree Point
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