Re: Common-sense aorist

Date: Tue Apr 07 1998 - 18:15:23 EDT

Carl W. Conrad wrote:
> What
> distinguishes the fundamental meaning of the aorist from the fundamental
> meaning of the two other major aspect stems is that the aorist lacks the
> durative, repetitive, unfinished character that is the central feature of
> the present as it also lacks the completed or state-of-being that is the
> central feature of the perfect. I'd draw the comparison thus:
> Present: APOQNHiSKEI "he is dying"
> Aorist: APEQANEN "he died"
> Perfect: APOTEQNHKEN "he is dead"
> To this you could add the "past" tense of the present:
> Imperfect: APEQNHiSKEN "he was dying"
> and the "past" tense of the perfect:
> Pluperfect: APETEQNHKEI "he was dead"

Another non-sigmatic aorist is found in John 1:6, KATELABEN. This
usage would as well seem to indicate the state-of-being of TH SKOTIA.
It's not just a past, where the darkness simply 'missed the train'
once upon a time, but is a Truth about the darkness. It ALWAYS
'misses that train' ~ Yes?? And in it's subtlety, it calls to mind
the original sin of Adam. 'In Adam we all are dying...' [Acts? I
forget...] If John had meant the simple historical fact that the
darkness had 'missed the train' at some time past, he would have used
the perfect...


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