Re: [Fwd: Re: EGW EIMI in GJohn (was Present tence copulative

From: Phillip J. Long (
Date: Wed Sep 02 1998 - 11:07:07 EDT

On Wed, 02 Sep 1998 10:20:02 -0400, you wrote:

>> I don't know why EGW EIMI is repeated in Isaiah 45:19 LXX; perhaps by
>> dittography?
>I love the sound of that word, but I have no idea what it means...

Dittography - accidently writing the word twice in the process of
copying a document. The exemplar has one ANoQiY, a copiest accidently
writes it twice.

I find it highly unlikely that this is a case of dittography since the
LXX of Isaiah as egw emei three times (43:25, 45:19, 51:12). Of
these, 43:25 and 51:12 are translations of the same Hebrew
construction, ANoQiY ANoQiY. 45:19 is a 1cs verb plus a 1cs
pronoun, so it is the same sort of emphatic construction that Ben
Crick was describing.

I did a quick Logos search, egw eimi appears 192 times in the LXX, but
the double egw eimi only appears these three times. I can think of a
couple of different ways this could have been rendered in Greek that
might have been more clear or emphatic, so I wonder what the
translator had in mind when he used the double egw eimi.

For example, ANoQiY ANoQiY appears three times in Isaiah (the two
listed above, and 43:11.) In 43:11 the LXX is egw o qeos. The LXX
uses qeos NOT kurios, even though the Hebrew is Yahweh. Why the
difference between these three double ANoQiY prhases? Is there some
reason for the difference?

Maybe someone with more experience in the LXX can help with this....

Phillip J. Long
Asst. Prof. Bible & Greek
Grace Bible College

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