Re: PRWTH in Luke 2:2

From: Timo Flink (
Date: Thu Oct 01 1998 - 02:28:14 EDT

This is not preciously a GREEK question but... This nest paragraph was
taken from Robertson's Word Pictures. Any comment on this one?
Especially to that point that Quirinius was there twice...

Timo Flink

Luk 2:2 - The first enrolment (apografh prwth). A definite allusion by
Luke to a series of censuses instituted by Augustus, the second of
which is mentioned by him in Ac 5:37. This second one is described by
Josephus and it was supposed by some that Luke confused the two.
But Ramsay has shown that a periodical fourteen-year census in Egypt
is given in dated papyri back to A.D. 20. The one in Ac 5:37 would then
be A.D. 6. This is in the time of Augustus. The first would then be B.C. 8
in Egypt. If it was delayed a couple of years in Palestine by Herod the
Great for obvious reasons, that would make the birth of Christ about B.C.
6 which agrees with the other known data When Quirinius (Kurhniou).
Genitive absolute. Here again Luke has been attacked on the ground that
Quirinius was only governor of Syria once and that was A.D. 6 as
shown by Josephus (Ant. XVIII. I.I). But Ramsay has proven by
inscriptions that Quirinius was twice in Syria and that Luke is correct
here also. See summary of the facts in my Luke the Historian in the
Light of Research, pp. 118-29.

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