Re: ETI in LXX Genesis 2:19

From: Phillip J. Long (
Date: Thu Nov 12 1998 - 14:53:45 EST

On Tue, 10 Nov 1998 12:04:15 -0800, you wrote:

>I decided to look it up in the LXX, to see how the earliest translators viewed this passage. The Greek text says: KAI EPLASEN hO QEOS ETI EK THS GHS PANTA TA QHRIA TOU AGROU, KAI PANTA TA PETEINA TOU OURANOU. Now here, the main verb is aorist, not pluperfect, which would cause some to agree with the documentarian's view, that the formation of the animals came after Adam's need for a companion. However, what confuses me is the use of the word ETI. Learning Greek, I have been taught that ETI would normally be translated as "yet" or "still." What is its meaning in this verse? That this verse is a second reference to the prior formation of the animals, or that it is actually a reference to a second, subsequent formation of the animals?

ETI + EK THS GHS, "yet farther out of the earth..." That is what the
English translation that is in the Bagster/Zondervan's LXX says. (It
does not identify the translator, I knew who it was once, but have

The Samaritan Pentateuch and the LXX both have the added word (dw'
??? Hebrew Transliteration problem....Daleth, Waw , Ayin). This is
probably a good question to take to the TC or Hebrew list, is there a
common source behind both, or is one using the other, etc.

Perhaps the SP/LXX is thinking that this is a second creation of
animals after the intial creation in chapter 1. Rather than two
accounts of the same creation event, chapter two is a second work of
creation, God is making animals to bring to Adam as a helper.

Phillip J. Long
Asst. Prof. Bible & Greek
Grace Bible College

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