Re: Luke 13.2,4 (was Re: aramaic influence)

From: Jim West (jwest@Highland.Net)
Date: Mon May 17 1999 - 12:26:18 EDT

At 05:21 PM 5/17/99 +0000, you wrote:
>On 14 May 99 at 16:38, Jim West wrote:

One clarification- I didn't write this- jack Kilmon did.

>> one example, i think, of aramaic influence on the greek text seems to reside
>> in luke 13:2, 4. here the "sinners" are then called "debtors"- a confusion
>> resolved when one realizes that the underlying aramaic most likely would have
>> been <aram> chayiv </aram>; a word meaning "indebted" (to God). the greek
>> translator rendered it "sinner" in v. 2 but "debtor" in v. 4. the
>> of understanding something of the aramaic world of Jesus in interpreting
>> gospel texts seems reaffirmed.
>This is an interesting case and since no-one else has commented, perhaps I may
>say something. Jim may be right about underlying Aramaic here, though it is
>worth noting that the sinners // debtors (hAMARTWOLOI // OFEILETAI, etc.) link
>occurs elsewhere in Luke. Luke 11.4, for example, has "Forgive us our sins
>(hAMARTIAS) as we forgive each one who is indebted to us (PANTI OFEILONTI
>hHMIN). Likewise 7.36-50 (Anointing) works with the same sin-debt correlation
>-- the woman is a sinner (hAMARTWLOS, 7.39) but Jesus tells a story about two
>debtors (CREOFEILETAI). I suspect, therefore, that this can be explained in
>terms of (a) standard Lukan variation in terminology and tendency to varies
>synonyms and (b) an established correlation between sin and metaphorical debt.


(not worthy to untie Jack's shoes... etc.... :-)

Jim West, ThD
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