Re: Pros

From: Donald L. Shaffer (
Date: Mon May 31 1999 - 15:23:56 EDT

On 05/24/99, ""Wes Williams" <>" wrote:

> Matt 13:55 Is this not the carpenter's son? Is not his mother called Mary,
> and his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? 56 And his sisters,
> are they not all with (PROS) us?

It seems that translators are challenged by the word "pros." Sometimes it
is translated as "with" as in Matt. 13:55, but more often "unto," "to,"
"towards," etc. Even "in those things which pertain to." After looking at
the context of various verses using "pros," I would like to suggest that it
means "with" but with an implied oneness. Jesus' sisters were with them
(even though perhaps not in the immediate company of) but there seems to be
an implied oneness. The sisters were each one of them. So the Jews
reasoned that Jesus couldn't have been who He seemed to be. They reasoned
that He was but a carpenter's son. They knew that His brothers were normal
people. Even His sisters were of them. If Matthew meant "with" then he
would have probably used "meta," which is much more often translated as
"with." Mark also chose to use "pros" at 6:3.

And if "pros" means "with" with an implied oneness, then John 1:1,2 has a
clearer meaning. In the begining was the Word (God was in the begining).
The Word was one with God. The Word was God. Matt. 1:23 in contrast is
saying that God was with ("meta") us.

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