Attendant Circumstance Participles

From: Kevin Smith (
Date: Sat Aug 07 1999 - 08:06:11 EDT

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<DIV><FONT face="Times New Roman">Shawna Steiner mentioned Wallace's (<EM>Greek
grammar beyond the </EM><EM>basics, </EM>1996) criteria for classifying a
participle as an <EM>attendant circumstance</EM> participle. Wallace suggests
that (a) the pt should be aorist, (b) the main verb should be aorist, (c) the
mood of the verb should be indicative or imperative, (d) the pt should precede
the main vb, and (e) it should occur in narrative literature. (see p.
<DIV><FONT face="Times New Roman"></FONT>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face="Times New Roman">Although my experience of working with the
language is limited, these criteria seem overly restrictive to me. From what I
understand, Class. Gk was much more hypotactic than Koine Gk and made more
extensive use of participles. I would therefore guess that it frequently used
participles to express ideas co-ordinate with that of the main verb, regardless
of the tense or the verb or the participle, the mood of the verb, or the genre
of the writing. If this is the case, surely it would not have disappeared from
Koine to the extent that Wallace's criteria would imply. Surely Koine speakers
(many 2nd language speakers at that) would not have been sufficiently grammar
sensitive as to restrict their use of att. circ. participles to the situations
Wallace suggests. </FONT></DIV>
<DIV><FONT face="Times New Roman"></FONT>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face="Times New Roman">Furthermore, none of the other NT grammars
I've consulted impose similar restrictions. It seems to me that att. circ.
participles are a standard feature of Gk style and are more widespread than
Wallace believes. (e.g. AFENTES in Heb. 6:1 violates 3/5 criteria--FERWMEQA is
present, subjunctive and the genre isn't narrative--yet it can only be an att.
circ. participle)</FONT></DIV>
<DIV><FONT face="Times New Roman"></FONT>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face="Times New Roman">What is the general feeling on this matter? Is
Wallace's view &quot;standard&quot;? Maybe I'm seeing att. circ. participles
where I shouldn't be? I'd appreciate your views.</FONT></DIV>
<DIV><FONT face="Times New Roman"></FONT>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face="Times New Roman">Thanks,</FONT></DIV>
<DIV><FONT face="Times New Roman"></FONT>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV><FONT face="Times New Roman">Kevin Smith</FONT></DIV>
<DIV><FONT face="Times New Roman">Port Elizabeth, South Africa</FONT></DIV>
<DIV><FONT face="Times New Roman"><A


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