Re: Acts 1:11 relative pronoun

From: Carl W. Conrad (cwconrad@artsci.wustl.edu)
Date: Sat Aug 14 1999 - 06:15:16 EDT


<x-rich>At 2:54 AM +0000 8/14/99, jacob cohen wrote:

>Hi b-greekers,

>Acts 1:11 c hOUTOS hO IHSOUS hO ANALHFQEIS AF' hUMWN EIS TON OURANON
hOUTWS

>ELEUSETAI *hON* TROPON EQEASASQE AUTON POREUOMENON EIS TON OURANON

>--"THIS JESUS WHO HAS BEEN TAKEN UP FROM YOU INTO HEAVEN WILL COME IN

>JUST THE SAME WAY AS YOU HAVE WATCHED HIM GO TO HEAVEN" NASB

> WHY IS hON in the acc. case? which verb is hON the object of? could
it

>being kataphoricly pointing to TROPON. or should hON have been in the

>nom case and is in the accusative because of atraction.

hON TROPON is equivalent to KAQWS; it is a shorthand version of TON
TROPON hON, "in the manner in which." It is ADVERBIAL accusative; the
accusative is the adverbial case par excellence, and no small number of
the adverbial expressions that came to be standard in Greek originated
as accusative nouns or phrases in the accusative.

You might consult LSJ at Perseus or elsewhere; TROPOS #II lists a long
catalogue of adverbial uses, including

<color><param>0000,7777,0000</param>2. abs. in acc., tina tropon;
<italic>how? </italic>Aristoph. Cl. 170, ti=Aristoph. Frogs 460; t.
tina <italic>in</italic> a <italic>manner, </italic>Eur. Hipp. 1300,
Plat. Rep. 432e; touton ton t., tonde ton t., IDEM=Plat. Sym. 199a,
Xen. Anab. 1.1.9; hon t. <italic>how,</italic> D.H.3.8; <italic>as,
</italic>LXX<italic>Ps.</italic>41(42).1; t. ton auton Aesch. Lib. 274;
panta t. Aristoph. Cl. 700 (lyr.), etc.; mÉdena t. Xen. Mem. 3.7.8; ton
megan t., ou smikron t., Aesch. Seven 284,au=Aesch. Seven 465; ton
ArgeiÖn t. Pind. I. 6.58; Samiakon t. Cratin.13; barbaron t. (bromon ex
Sch. Schčtz) <italic>in</italic> barbarous <italic>guise</italic> or
<italic>fashion, </italic>Aesch. Seven 463; pituos tropon <italic>after
the manner</italic> of a pine, Hdt. 6.37; ornithos t.
<italic>like</italic> a bird, IDEM=Hdt. 2.57, cf. Aesch. Ag. 49
(anap.), au=Aesch. Ag. 390 (lyr.), etc.; later, es ornithos t.
Luc.<italic>Halc.</italic>1, cf. <italic>Bis Acc.</italic>au=Luc.
<italic>Halc.</italic> 27: rarely in pl., pantas tropous in all
<italic>ways,</italic> Plat. Phaedo 94d.
</color>

Carl W. Conrad

Department of Classics, Washington University

Summer: 1647 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243

cwconrad@artsci.wustl.edu OR cwconrad@ioa.com

WWW: http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/~cwconrad/

</x-rich>



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