From: Carl W. Conrad (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Date: Fri Sep 03 1999 - 07:20:14 EDT
<x-rich>At 7:47 PM -0500 9/2/99, Dmitriy Reznik wrote:
>Maybe anybody could help me to translate Gal 4:14.
>KAI TON PEIRASMON UMWN EN TH SARKI MOU OUK EXOUQENHSATE OUDE
>I am interested how to understand EKPTUW in this context. Many
>just translate this word metaphorically: for example, as "to reject"
>that which was a trial to you in my bodily condition you did not
>loathe...)But some lexicons insist on literal understanding "to spit
>They say it was a defence against evil spirits to spit having met a
>person. If it is right, I would like to know whether they just used to
>on the ground, or to that sick person's face, or anyhow else. I need
>know it in order to choose a proper word for translating into Russian.
>Maybe anybody knows these things about usage of this Greek word and
>this ancient custom?
This might be a matter of the social level at which the language is
being used, but I guess some caution is called for here, inasmuch as
what some might deem as superstition may be deemed as proper and
natural ritual behavior by another. My own guess is that in Gal 4:14
Paul is using this word figuratively for "reject." It's interesting
that this is the only instance of the verb in the GNT. The brief
discussion in Louw & Nida on this:
<color><param>0000,7777,0000</param>34.37 EKPTUW: (a figurative
extension of meaning of EKPTUW 'to spit out,' not occurring in the NT)
to reject, with the implication of a measure of disdain - 'to reject,
to have disdain for.' OUK EXOUQENHSATE OUDE EKEPTUSATE 'you did not
despise or reject (me)' Ga 4:14. In a number of languages 'to reject'
is expressed idiomatically as 'to throw away,' 'to push away,' or 'to
turn one's back toward.'
One certainly has to be careful about affirming literal rather than
metaphorical senses to verbs expressive of powerful feelings used in
the NT, as for instance SPLAGCNIZOMAI.
Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics/Washington University
One Brookings Drive/St. Louis, MO, USA 63130/(314) 935-4018
Home: 7222 Colgate Ave./St. Louis, MO 63130/(314) 726-5649
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