Re: UPO and its meaning in Galatians

From: Carl W. Conrad (
Date: Sat Sep 25 1999 - 19:52:13 EDT

At 3:39 PM -0600 9/25/99, Dmitriy Reznik wrote:
>Dear Carl,
>Will you be so kind to explain to me, if UPO in the following verses is used
>to show place or direction?
>Gal 3:22 (UPO HAMARTIAN), Gal 3:23 (UPO NOMON), Gal 4:3 (UPO STOICEIA), Gal
>4:4 (UPO NOMON).
>Sometimes it seems more probable to understand it as a "place", but my
>dictionaries say this preposition to signify direction...

All of these are instances of hUPO with accusative, all have the
directional sense "downward in relationship to" = "under", and all of them
in these passages from Galatians have the metaphorical extended sense of
"under," namely, "subject to" or "under the authority/power of." Does that

Regards, cwc

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics/Washington University
One Brookings Drive/St. Louis, MO, USA 63130/(314) 935-4018
Home: 7222 Colgate Ave./St. Louis, MO 63130/(314) 726-5649

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