Re: DIAFERW (was "Re: Philippians 1:9-11")

From: Daniel Ria–o (
Date: Sun Sep 26 1999 - 17:39:50 EDT

        Some list members interested in the rank of meanings of DIAFERW may
find interesting have a look at the DGE entry for that verb. Since the DGE
may be not very common in the English speaking world, I am giving below the
outline of the article, with the semantic indications translated, and the
Spanish translations between asterisks. (I am not giving the citations
since it is a quite large lemma (about 2'5 times the LSJ corresponding

A. (Transitive uses)
        I. Not implying movement.
                1. *Superar*
                2. Temporal. *Pasar*
        II. With indication of unidimensional movement.
                1. with personal subject and ac. of place to *llevar,
transportar a trav'es de*
                2. *llevar hasta el fin*
                3. in a continuum *meter*
                4. diafe/rein yh=fon *emitir el voto*
        III. Indicating movement in various directions
                1. *llevar en todas direcciones, difundir*
                2. *llevar de un lado a otro*
                3. *hacer girar en todas direcciones*
        IV. Indicating separation from
                1. *despedazar, desunir*
                2. *robar, llevarse*
        V. Factitive, with personal subject.
                1. with personal acc. *distinguir, hacer diferente de*
                2. *Conseguir, hacer que*

B. (intransitive uses)
        I. 1. with predicative compl. *vivir*
                2. *durar*
        II. 1. freq. with gen. comparationis *ser diferente de,
distinguirse de, diferir*
                2. freq. without genitive regimen(cf. "e") *ser diferente*
en el sentido ponderativo *distinguirse, destacar, ser superior*
                        a. simpl.
                        b. with pred. and acc. relationis
                        c. with instr. dative
                        d. with prepositional phrase
                        e. with gen. comparationis and dat. "de la materia
en la que se sobresale"
                        f. Impersonal
                3. with pejorative connotation. *ser inferior*
                4. only in the 3rd. pers sg. (sometimes impers.) generally
in active voice. *hay diferencia, importa a"
        III. 1. with abstract subject. *concernir, afectar, tocar, incumbir*
                2. with pers. subject *estar relacionado con, ser allegado de*
                3. with subj. "rei" *pertenecer como propiedad*
        IV generally in middle-passive voice
                1. *rivalizar, contender, dicutir*
                2. philology. us. opp. to sumfe/romai *divergir*

Daniel Ria–o Rufilanchas
Madrid, Espa–a

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