1 Tim 2:14, GEGONEN

From: dixonps@juno.com
Date: Tue Oct 19 1999 - 01:54:12 EDT

The second reason Paul gives for not permitting a woman
not deceived but the woman EXAPATHQEISA EN PARABASEI
GEGONEN ( v.14).

I have always found the translations of the last part, and particularly
the perfect GEGONEN interesting.
The aorist participle EXAPATHQEISA coupled with the perfect
GEGONEN suggests to me the historical deception of Eve by
Satan followed by her entering into a state of transgression
in which she, as the prototype of all women, continues to remain
(so the force of EN PARABASEI GEGONEN). Apparently this is
a reason Paul forbids her DIDASKEIN or AUQENTEIN ANDROS.

What is that state of transgression and how is it different from
that of the man? This is spelled out succintly in Gen 3:15-16,
particularly in 16b: your desire shall be for your husband,
and he shall rule over you.

The word for desire (APOSTROFN) occurs in the law in only
four places, twice in Genesis, here and in 4:7. In the latter
passage this desire is evil. It is the desire evil had to master
Cain. God said to him: sin is crouching at the door, and its
desire is for you, but you must master it.

This is especially interesting, because the same thing is
said of the woman in 3:16: your desire will be for your husband
and he will rule over you.

The second reason Paul gives for not permitting a woman
DIDASKEIN or AUQENTEIN ANDROS is that she has entered
into and remains in a state of transgression wherein she
desires to control her husband, as sin did to Cain. But, the
man's task is to rule over her (Gen 3:16). This is second reason
Paul forbids a woman to teach or to hold authority over a man.

Paul Dixon

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