From: Carlton Winbery (email@example.com)
Date: Wed Oct 20 1999 - 22:46:27 EDT
Stephen Pegler wrote;
><< 1Joh 3:9 (GNT) PAS hO GEGENNHMENOS EK TOU QEOU hAMARTIAN OU POIEI, hOTI
>SPERMA AUTOU EN AUTWi MENEI, KAI OU DUNATAI hAMARTANEIN, hOTI EK TOU QEOU
>If verbal aspect theory is a better explanation of the Greek verbal system
>than Aktionsart and time based models, then I would offer the following
>"everyone who is in the state of having been born of God does not continue to
>do sin because his seed is continuing to remain in him, and he is not
>continually able to be sinning, because he is in the state of having been
>born of God."
>The two perfects stress the state of the person, they have been born of God.
>The two presents indicate that the author, John, sees the action (or lack of
>it) as ongoing.
I really don't see a problem in this context with these presents being
interpreted as incomplete or linear action. It especially would be
appropriate in light of 1:8-10. While there are many times when the present
does not indicate duration, I look in those context for compelling
indicators of such. It seems that the only other possibility here in 3:9
would be gnomic, but this is not the normal kind of universal that I see as
I do not find any help in appeals to what's happening in the 20th century
or other such illustrations. These are usually simply beside the point. I
do not see in this context any strong indicators that would cause me to see
the presents here as anything but linear.
Dr. Carlton L. Winbery
Foggleman Professor of Religion
Ph. 1 318 448 6103 hm
Ph. 1 318 487 7241 off
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