Re: accents

From: Carlton Winbery (
Date: Thu Mar 02 2000 - 23:55:32 EST

Dr Rick Strelan wrote;
>By what criteria does one determine accents. The accent on FARMAKOI in Rev
>22:15 varies from textual edition to textual edition and even within the
>same edition between 22:15 and 21:8! In this particular case, the meaning
>could be affected altho it would seem to me that it is essentially, but
>certainly not exactly, the same.
FARMAKOI\ is nominative plural and the dipthong is short (OI and AI when
they are the last two letters in the word are short), hence it can only
take an acute or grave accent on the last syllable (oxytone). FARMAKOI=S
(Rev.21:8) on the other hand has a long ultima and has the circumflex on
the ultima (perispomenon). In nouns you determine the accent by looking in
the lexicon. It tends to remain where it is on the lexical form (nom. sg.)
unless the general rules of accent require that it move over one place to
the right when inflected. For nouns accented on the last syllable, it
generally works out in 1st and 2nd declension nouns that you will have
acute (or grave) on the nominative and accusative and circumflex on the
genitive and dative cases either singular or plural. On the other hand
accent in verbs is recessive and tends to be easier to learn. This is one
reason that vocalization is important to learning vocabulary.

Dr. Carlton L. Winbery
Foggleman Professor of Religion
Louisiana College
Ph. 1 318 448 6103 hm
Ph. 1 318 487 7241 off

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