Re: Mk 3:1 (To Dale )

From: Carl W. Conrad (
Date: Sun Mar 12 2000 - 07:17:50 EST

At 4:31 AM -0600 3/12/00, Moon-Ryul Jung wrote:
>Dale wrote:
>There is one set of anarthrous words with articular nouns which intrigues
>me, since I've seen various grammars explain them in various ways and
>that's the anarthrous participle with an articular noun which is clearly
>not predicate; eg.:
>I raised a question on this verse, and there was some discussion on it.
>The thread started on 05/11/99. Carl almost solved the problem, referring
>to the typical use of EXWN: EXWN clauses refer to some state or manner
>accompanying the subject.
>Hope it will help.

Let me add a word to this, since this phrase in Mark 3:1 does commonly get
translated as "having a withered hand" or even "with a withered hand."
While I wouldn't really hassle (much) over either translation, I think the
phrasing here is quite deliberate (and I'm one who thinks AMk's own hand is
in this pericope rather than that he's citing an older tradition in Greek):
the definite article makes the object of ECWN pointed (although that
doesn't mean we need to use an English definite article to convey it) and
the perfect passive participle EXHRAMMENHN is decidedly in an emphatic
predicate position inasmuch as it precedes the participle ECWN. I think
more accurate English phrasing to convey it would be "a man with one hand
that was withered."


Carl W. Conrad Department of Classics/Washington University One Brookings Drive/St. Louis, MO, USA 63130/(314) 935-4018 Home: 7222 Colgate Ave./St. Louis, MO 63130/(314) 726-5649 WWW:

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