Date: Mon Mar 27 2000 - 06:55:30 EST
<x-charset UTF-8>In a message dated 3/26/2000 8:09:46 PM Central Standard Time,
DR>Could you tell me if CRISTON QEOU DUNAMIN KAI QEOU SOFIAN [1Cor 1:24] is
to be translated as "[We preach] Messiah the power of God, and the wisdom
of God" or "Messiah as the power of Cod etc.">
I would read Paul's argument in the passage as follows:
The salvation sought by both Jews and gentiles is a temporal salvation.
From that temporal perspective the crucifixion of the messiah is foolish
(as a strategy) and powerless (as a tactic) to save mankind from his
temporal problems. But the truly necessary salvation is an eternal
salvation (from the wrath/judgment of a holy God in the resurrection, cf.
Rom 2:5). From that eternal perspective the crucifixion of the messiah is
both wise and powerful in the extreme.
Following the flow of the argument in that way, dunamis and sophia would
refer specifically to the crucifixion rather than to the messiah
personally. That is, the crucifixion was both a powerful act and a wise
act by God. So the sense of 1 Cor 1:23-24 might be rendered as follows:
"We on the other hand proclaim the crucifixion of the messiah: to the Jews
a stumbling block, to the gentiles foolishness; but to those of the Jews
and gentiles who are called, the powerful and wise act of God."
1.20 POU SOFOS; POU GRAMMATEUS; POU SUZHTHS TOU AIWNOS TOUTOU; OUXI EMWRANEN
hO QEOS THN SOFIAN TOU KOS MOU;
21 EPEIDH GAR EN THi SWFIAi TOU QEOU OUK EGNW hO KOSMOS DIA THS SOFIAS TON
QEON, EUDOKHSEN hO QEOS DIA THS MWRIAS TOU KHRUGMATOS SWSAI TOUS PISTEUONTAS
22 EPEIDH KAI IOUDAIOI SHMEIA AITOUSIN KAI hELLHNES SWFIAN ZHTOUSIN
23 hHMEIS DE KHRUSSOMEN XRISTON ESTAURWMENON, IOUDIAOIS MEN SKANDALON EQNESIN
24 AUTOIS DE TOIS KLHTOIS IOUDAIOIS TE KAI hELLHNESIN, XRISTON QEOU DUNAMIN
KAI QEOU SWFIAN
25 hOTI TO MWRON TOU QEOU SOFWTERON TWN ANQRWPWN ESTIN KAI TO ARSENES TOU
QEOU ISXUROTERON TWN ANQRWPWN.
I would translate as
1 Co 1:20
Where is the wise? Where is the scribe (academic)? Where is the disputer
(philosopher) of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of the world?
21 For since in God’Äôs wisdom the world did not know God through wisdom, God
determined to save those who believe through the foolishness of preaching.
22 For although the Jews seek a sign and the Greeks seek wisdom,
23 we preach Christ who was crucified -- a scandal to the Jews, and
foolishness to the gentiles,
24 But to those who are called (both Jews and Greeks) Christ is God’Äôs power
and God’Äôs wisdom
25 because God’Äôs foolishness is wiser than human [wisdom] and God’Äôs weakness
is stronger than human [strength].
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