From: Michael McCoy (MMccoy7872@cs.com)
Date: Thu Mar 30 2000 - 11:01:33 EST
On 03/29/00, ""Blahoslav Cicel" <email@example.com>" wrote:
> Hello list
> I have a question about the use of PROFHTAI in Eph 2:20 and 3:5. There is=
> phrase APOSTOLOI KAI PROFHTAI in both verses. The APOSTOLOI is clear - th=
> Twelve, but what about the PROFHTAI.
> There are two hypotheses:
> - the OT prophets (as 2Pt 3:2 uses PROFHTAI KAI APOSTOLOI)
> - the NT recently born christian church prophets (as Jesus in Mt 23:34 or=
> 11:49 uses them)
> My question is:
> Is there any hint in the text (in the greek), esp. in 3:5, which could gi=
> preference to one of those hypotheses? (YES/NO).
> If YES, what in the text gives preference to which hypotheses and why?
> If NOT I will ask later some questions about the structure of 3:5 to be s=
> of this answer.
> Disclaimer: I have no intention to discuss prophets in the today=B4s chur=
> Blaho, pastor in the North of Bohemia
The two instances which you have inquired about in Ephesians both fit the
requirements for a Granville Sharp construction. In 2:20, TWN APOSTOLWN
KAI PROFHTWN is the construction. According to the Granville Sharp rule,
PROFHTWN would be a further description of APOSTOLWN. Paul is not talking
about two distint groups of men, but rather, he is talking about one group
of men. The same would apply for Ephesians 3:5. Some might try and argue
that the apostles were not prophets, however, they did function as prophets
as well. 2 Thessalonians, 2 Peter, and Revelation serve as clear evidence
that they served as prophets, in that sense of the word prophet.
Hopefully this helps.
Pastor Little Elm Missionary Baptist Church
Farmington, AR 72730
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