Re: hHGEOMAI - 'esteem' without attributive

From: Carl W. Conrad (
Date: Fri Jun 02 2000 - 09:08:36 EDT

At 12:34 AM +0200 6/2/00, Roe wrote:
>Hi B-Greekers,
>When hHGEOMAI is used in the sense "to esteem" we see that it usually is
>modified with an attributive, as...
>or 1 Thess. 5:13 "hHGEISTHAI ... hUPEREKPERISSOU"
>Did hHGEOMAI without an attributive word added ever (in canonical,
>non-canonical or classic) have the meaning "to esteem" in the sense that
>we say in English: "He was esteemed by his colleagues...", where it is
>*understood* that he was "esteemed highly" ?

I don't think "esteem" as such is quite right for the sense--except in the
sense of "deem" or "judge" and I don't think I'd call its modifying word an
attributive so much as a predicate word; in this usage hHGEISQAI generally
takes a direct object and a predicate accusative: "to deem X to be Y"--so
here, Phil 2:3 "deeming each other (to be) better than yourselves."

1 Thess 5:13 is a bit different; here hHGEISQAI + gen. = "deem to be of X
value"; and furthermore we have the adverbial phrase EN AGAPHi also to be
construed with hHGEISQAI.

hHGEISQAI is a hard verb to get a handle on; meaning "lead" most
fundamentally, yet, like the Latin word for "lead" (DUCO), it is frequently
used of making a judgment or holding a judgment about someone or something.


Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics/Washington University
One Brookings Drive/St. Louis, MO, USA 63130/(314) 935-4018
Home: 7222 Colgate Ave./St. Louis, MO 63130/(314) 726-5649

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