[b-greek] Re: Eph 2:17

From: Carl W. Conrad (cwconrad@artsci.wustl.edu)
Date: Fri Oct 13 2000 - 11:34:12 EDT

At 9:52 AM -0500 10/13/00, Rob Matlack wrote:
>A textual variant of Eph 2:17 reads:
>I have several questions:
>1) How are the dative articles to be understood?

They are used to make adjectival attributive phrases that clarify hUMIN.

>2) How do MAKRAN and EGGUS function in the clause? Are they accusatives
>of the adjectives or are they adverbs?

They function as adverbs, but I'd say that there's an implicit participle
OUSI(N) to be understood with both TOIS MAKRAN and with TOIS EGGUS.
Technically speaking MAKRAN is a feminine adjective in the acc. sg., but I
would supply with it an original accusative fem. sg. noun hODON. The
accusative phrase will then mean literally "a long journey distant" but the
accusative phrase as a whole will function as an adverb; corresponding to
it is the adverb EGGUS in the second phrase.

>3) What would be a good translation? "And He came and preached peace to
>you, the far and the near"???

Well, as I've indicated, I think that OUSI(N) is implicit with each of the
phrases, and so I would convert the Greek into English as "he came and
preached peace to you who are a long way away and to you who are near."


Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics/Washington University
One Brookings Drive/St. Louis, MO, USA 63130/(314) 935-4018
Home: 7222 Colgate Ave./St. Louis, MO 63130/(314) 726-5649

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