[b-greek] Re: AUTOU in John 9:6

From: Dan Parker (stoixein@sdf.lonestar.org)
Date: Wed Nov 22 2000 - 15:02:28 EST

> Greetings. My query concerns word order in John 9 - the position of genitive
> personal pronouns. The first example is in Jn. 9:6: KAI EPECRISEN AUTOU TON
> PHLON EPI TOUS OFQALMOUS... The genitive personal pronoun precedes rather
> than follows the word it modifies by possession. This pattern then recurs in
> the chapter in verses 10, 11, 14, 15, 17, 21, 26, and 30. The construction
> modified by possession is always either EPI TOUS OFQALMOUS or TOUS OFQALMOUS.
> So what's going on here? Why does the genitive personal pronoun precede
> OFQALMOS in John 9 so consistently? Does this particular word order tend to
> emphasize the pronoun or the word "eyes"?
> Don Larsen
> West Hartford, CT

The possessive pronoun is fronted for emphasis or contrast, see quote
from Winer page 155 below:

The Gen. of the pronoun is designedly put before the substantive,
a. for emphasis, Eph. ii. 10 ... b. for the sake of contrast, [1]
Cor. ix. 11 ... c. when the Gen. belongs to two nouns, [2] John xi. 48
... Acts xxi. 11; Luke 12:35; Rev. ii. 19; 2Co viii. 4; 2Tim. iii. 10;
Ti i. 15; 1 Thess. i. 3; ii19 (D.S. 11,16).

        [1] hO PATHR MOU and hO hUIOS MOU hO AGAPHTOS is the usual
        order even in the N.T...

        [2] When this arrangement is not adopted, the pronoun must, for
        perspicuity, be repeated, Acts iv. 28 ... , etc. Matt. xii. 47;
        from the Sept., Lue xviii. 20; Acts ii. 17.[Winer, 155]

This also happens with Smart's constructions as in:

        NAB John 6:54 "He who eats My flesh [MOU THN SARKA] and drinks
        My blood [MOU TO hAIMA] has eternal life ...

Dan Parker

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