[b-greek] Re: OUSIN in Phil 1:1

From: Carl W. Conrad (cwconrad@artsci.wustl.edu)
Date: Sun Mar 11 2001 - 06:33:27 EST

At 8:20 PM -0500 3/10/01, Clwinbery@aol.com wrote:
>Ken Smith wrote;
><<<Actually, Greek participles don't have person -- so the correct parsing
>is "Present Active Participle, Masculine Plural Dative", without any
>reference to person.>>>>
>Technically verbs "to be" (EIMI) do not have voice so I would simply list
>this one as "present participle, masculine, dative, plural of EIMI.
>Interestingly the present of EIMI uses what we usually call active endings,
>the imperfect uses a mixture of what we call middle and active, and the
>future uses what we usually call middle endings.

To carry that a bit further, EIMI is a verb in transition; in Homer only
the future (ESSOMAI) is middle; in Koine its half active and half middle;
in modern Greek it's all middle (EIMAI, HMOUN, KTL.).

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics/Washington University
Home: 7222 Colgate Ave./St. Louis, MO 63130/(314) 726-5649
WWW: http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/~cwconrad/

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