[b-greek] Re: Rising up in Polycarp

From: Carl W. Conrad (cwconrad@artsci.wustl.edu)
Date: Sun Apr 01 2001 - 18:13:20 EDT

At 6:02 PM -0400 4/1/01, Bart Ehrman wrote:
> You left your "although" clause unfinished, and it rather matters to
>-- Bart
>> This question plays right into my thesis about the Greek aorist "passive"
>> forms: I would have no qualms in translating this as "and raised by
>> God"--although I think "and who rose through God's agency." I don't think
>> (as I once did) that there's an ounce of difference between HGERQHN and
>> ANESTHN: both are really intransitive aorists meaning "arose"--and such
>> aorists may be accompanied by a hUPO + genitive construction to permit a
>> passive interpretation.

You're right: it should have continued and so should have read: "although I
think "and who rose through God's agency" is just as accurate and more
literal. My view is that the hUPO + genitive construction often expresses
what Aristotle might call the "efficient cause" of an event even when the
event is described in Greek by an intransitive verb. So I also have no
quarrel with your originally-suggested "who rose by the power of God." I
hope that helps.


Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University
1647 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad@artsci.wustl.edu OR cwconrad@ioa.com
WWW: http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/~cwconrad/

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