From: Carl W. Conrad (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Date: Thu May 10 2001 - 06:56:02 EDT
At 8:49 AM +0200 5/10/01, Jürg Buchegger wrote:
>in my research on the word ANAKAINOW (2 Cor 4:16 - Col 3:10) I found that
>(probably he is the author?) Heliodorus Prusanus in his "commentary" on
>Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics (In Ethica Nicomachea Paraphrasis; date is
>very unsure (up to 1366)) is using the verb. The place in Aristotle he is
>Arist. Eth. Nic. X,6 (on happiness (EUDAIMONIA) and the relationship of
>happiness to playing/entertainment/ leisure (PAIDIA)): ANAPAUSEI GAR EOIKEN
>hH PAIDIA; ADUNATOUNTES DE SUNECHWS PONEIN ANAPAUSEWS DEONTAI; OU DH TELOS
>hH ANAPAUSIS; GINETAI GAR hENEKA THS ENERGEIAS.
>Of course Aristotle has been translated (in german, and I am sure in english
>too) in modern languages very often, but not so the paraphrasis of
>Heliodorus Prusanus. This - and because my greek is almost exclusivle
>trained in the NT - is the reason why I have a hard time to figure exactly,
>what he is saying when he writes (G. Heylbut, ed., Heliodori In Ethica
>Nicomachea Paraphrasis, CAG 19,2 (Berlin: G. Reimer, 1889), p 221, line 13):
>KAI GAR ANAPAUSIS TIS hH PAIDIA TOIS AGWNIZOMENOIS, SUNECHWS OU DUNAMENOIS
>PONEIN, hH THN DUNAMIN AUTOIS ANAKAINOUMENH, TOIS PONOIS AKMHTAS APODIDWSIN.
>So, I do understand Aristotle, but I was not able to make a satisfiable (?)
>translation for Heliodorus. Remember, he is "paraphrazing" Aristotle in some
>Can anybody help me with this?
I would understand this to mean, more or less: "For sport (PAIDIA) is also
a relaxation (ANAPAUSIS) for those who compete (TOIS AGWNIZOMENOIS),
inasmuch as they cannot labor without a break (SUNECWS); (sport) which
recreates the ability (to labor) in them, renders them untiring (AKMHTAS)
in labors (TOIS PONOIS).
This seems to me to accord pretty well with the Aristotle,which I take to
mean:"Sport, after all, is like relaxation; those who are unable to labor
without a break need relaxation; relaxation, in fact, is not an end in
itself, since it occurs for the sake of fulfilling action (ENERGEIA).
I hope that's some help.
Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics/Washington University
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